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EVALUATION OF SHAMI GOAT PERFORMANCE IN MALAYSIA

Shami goat is a dual-purpose goat originating from Syria. It is widely spread into Cyprus, Jordan, Turkey, Israel and other Mediterranean countries. They are of the Nubian type and are usually red or brown colored but can also be seen in pied or grey. The animals can be either horned or polled and are long haired. The breed is considered as one of the best dual-purpose breeds of the Middle East under semi-intensive or intensive production systems. It combines prolificacy with high milk production and a growth of kids comparable to exclusively meat breeds. The first batch of Cyprus Shami goats was imported into Malaysia by DVS on 31st October 2009. Sixty-four heads of Cyprus Shami goat aged between 9 -12 (60 does) and 12-24 (4 bucks) months were placed at the National Institute of Veterinary Biodiversity government farm in Jerantut, Pahang for bioprospecting studies. The production performance, morphological characteristics and adaptation of the newly imported Shami goats were observed for 3 years under local environment condition with a medium input management. Average body length, stance, wither height, rump height, girth measurement and body circumference are 94.91±23.0cm, 56.74±6.5cm, 77.07±6.11cm, 78.59±7.12cm, 84.72±8.88cm and 99.98±10.78cm respectively.. Average kidding percentage for the whole study duration was 79.5% which 23.5% of them were twin birth. The average birth weight was 3.41 kg for male and 2.82kg for female kids. The mature body weight was 57.674±23.84kg for male and 50.50±13.62kg for female in average. Average daily weight gain (g/day) for 30, 60, 90, 200 and 300 days were 0.24, 0.20, 0.10, and 0.10 respectively.

 

Keywords: Shami; Dual-purpose Goat; Bioprospecting

 

Salleh, S. I1, Mohd Hafiz, A.R.1,  Ernie Muneerah, M.A.1, Lai, S.Z.1, Mastura, Y.1, Marysia, J.A. 1, Intan Liana, M.K. 1,  Shariffah, N.2, Raymond, A.K.2, Quaza Nizamuddin, H.N.2 & Abu Hassan, M.A.2

1National Institute of Veterinary Biodiversity, Bukit Dinding, 27000 Jerantut, Pahang.

2Department of Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-Based Industry, 

Wisma Tani, Podium Block, Lot 4G1, Precinct 4,Federal Government Administration Centre,62630 Putrajaya, Malaysia.

Correspondence author: sallehsi@dvs.gov.my 

 

 

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Salleh, S. I., Mohd Hafiz, A.R.,  Ernie Muneerah, M.A., Lai, S.Z., Mastura, Y., Marysia, J.A.1, Intan Liana, M.K.1,  Shariffah, N., Raymond, A.K., Quaza Nizamuddin, H.N. and Abu Hassan, M.A. Evaluation of Shami Goat Performance in Malaysia. Paper presented at 1st Regional Conference on Agrobiodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Utilization. 25-27 September 2012. Langkawi, Kedah.


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