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THE PREVALENCE OF PARASITIC INFESTATION OF SMALL RUMINANT FARMS IN PERAK, MALAYSIA.

Helminthiasis due to strongyles such as Haemonchus contortus, coccidiosis caused by Eimeria sp. and blood parasite diseases such as theileriosis by Theileria sp. have been reported to cause severe morbidity and mortality annually in small ruminants in Malaysia. The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of helminthiasis, coccidiosis and theileriosis and to determine the packed cell volume (PCV) value of small ruminants in Perak, Malaysia. Blood and faecal samples were obtained from a total of 175 animals from 7 small ruminant farms in Kampar, Larut Matang and Selama, Kuala Kangsar and Manjung districts in Perak; the samples were examined for parasitic infestations from April to July 2011. The results of this study show that H. contortus was found in 152 (86.86%) animals, Eimeria sp. was found in 162 (92.57%) animals and the blood protozoa Theileria sp. was found in 25 (14.30%) animals. The PCV values of all of these animals were recorded between 7% and 44%. A total of 42 (24%) animals were anaemic, with a PCV of less than 21%. Continuous monitoring of small ruminant farms will provide important information for assisting farmers with managing the spread of parasitic infections and maintaining the productivity of animals.

Fazly Ann Zainalabidin, Nurulaini Raimy, Muhamad Hazmi Yaacob, Adnan Musbah, Premalaatha Bathmanaban, Erwanas Asmar Ismail, Zaini Che Mamat, Zawida Zahari, Mohd Iswadi Ismail and Chandrawathani Panchadcharam 

Veterinary Research Institute, 59 Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah, 31400, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Corresponding Author: Fazly Ann Zainalabidin


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Fazly Ann Zainalabidin, Nurulaini Raimy, Muhamad Hazmi Yaacob, Adnan Musbah, Premalaatha Bathmanaban, Erwanas Asmar Ismail, Zaini Che Mamat, Zawida Zahari, Mohd Iswadi Ismail and Chandrawathani Panchadcharam (2015) THE PREVALENCE OF PARASITIC INFESTATION OF SMALL RUMINANT FARMS IN PERAK, MALAYSIA. Tropical Life Science Research. 26(1): 1-8


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