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MELIOIDOSIS IN SHEEP AND GOAT: DIAGNOSTIC CASES IN THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE FROM 2009 TO 2010.

Melioidosis is predominantly a disease of tropical climate especially in South East Asia and Northern Australia where it is endemic. Melioidosis was diagnosed routinely at the Serology Unit in the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Ipoh, Malaysia by using Complement Fixation Test. In 2009, a total of 855 cases (32314 serum samples) were received from goat and sheep species for diagnosis. The number of cases was increases to 1071 cases (48512 serum samples) in 2010. In sheep, the reactor rates for samples submitted to VRI from all states in Malaysia was 5.35% (4968 samples) for 2009 whereas in 2010, 2.65% (7463 samples). The same trend was observed in goat cases which was higher in 2009, 1.60% (27346 samples) positive cases compared to cases in 2010, 1.34% (41049 samples). Result show that the highest positive melioidosis samples diagnosed for sheep in 2009 was from Pahang with reactor rate 17.59% (580 samples) followed by Kelantan 4.88% (41 samples) and Perak 4.76% (105 samples). In 2010, Pahang also had the highest positive melioidosis 6.80% (515 samples) followed by Terengganu 5.66% (1007 samples) and Kelantan 4.86% (329 samples). For goat cases, the highest positive melioidosis cases were from Perlis 2.60% (500 samples) followed by Sarawak 2.44 %( 451 samples) and Sabah 2.17 %( 8358 samples). In 2010 the highest was from Selangor

8.33% (500 samples) followed by Terengganu 1.97% (2182 samples) and Sabah 1.69% (14475 samples). Generally the highest number of positive cases was in April for 2009 and February for 2010. It is recommended that regular screening, a good farm management and personal hygiene should be practised by farmers to control the spread of this infection in the country.

Naama T., Chin S.W., Mazlan L., Surayani A.R., Zainab Z., Aminahkhadariah A.L., Vijaan G., Azmaliza A.A., Nor Ashikin M.S., Nurul Fatiha A.S., Ramlan M.

Veterinary Research Institute, 59 Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah, 31400, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Corresponding Author: naama@dvsvri.gov.my

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Naama T., Chin S.W., Mazlan L., Surayani A.R., Zainab Z., Aminahkhadariah A.L., Vijaan G., Azmaliza A.A., Nor Ashikin M.S., Nurul Fatiha A.S., Ramlan M. MELIOIDOSIS IN SHEEP AND GOAT: DIAGNOSTIC CASES IN THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE FROM 2009 TO 2010.   (23rd VAM CONGRESS 2011)


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