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The Katjang Goat: Distribution, Characteristics And Conservation Development

Katjang goat is an indigenous breed of goat in Malaysia. It is also known as Kambing Kacang, Kambing Katchang, Kambing Licin and Pea Goat. It also said to be the indigenous goat breed in Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Taiwan and the southwest islands of Japan. This breed also bears resemblance to the South China goat and the Black Bengal goat. It is found in small herds in several parts of Malaysia and considered to be at risk. From a survey done by the Department of Veterinary Services Malaysia, the breed is found to be scattered in small numbers in Peninsular Malaysia, with the highest density being in Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan. They are mostly reared by small or traditional farmers. There are cases of inbreeding, where the breed becomes smaller and has lower resistance to heat and ticks. Most of the pure breed has been crossed with other breeds, mainly Boer, British Alpine and Jamnapari. Conservation activities are currently being undertaken at the National Institute of Veterinary Biodiversity (NIVB), Jerantut, Pahang using a semi-intensive management system. Sixteen acres of paddock area consisting of Guinea grass (Panicum maximum), Israel grass (Foeniculum vulgar), Sambau grass, (Eleusine indica), Kerbau grass (Paspalum conjugatum) dan Balik Angin (Mallothus biaceae) has been planted. Morphologically pure Katjang breed with the total number of 100 individuals has been brought in from few places in Peninsular Malaysia and is currently being bred. The bucks are being trained for semen collection and their semen will be kept in the semen bank at NIVB.

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M.A. Ernie Muneerah , S.I. Salleh, A.R. Mohd. Hafiz, S.Z. Lai, Y. Mastura, M.K. Intan Liana, A.R. Hisham1, Raymond, A.K and Abu-Hassan, M.A.


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