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Zoonotic Diseases Diagnosed From Jan 2016 To Aug 2017 In Regional Veterinary Laboratories, Department Of Veterinary Services, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

Infectious diseases of livestock are a major threat to global animal health and welfare and their effective control is crucial for agronomic health, for safeguarding and securing national and international food supplies and for alleviating rural poverty in developing countries. Some devastating livestock diseases are endemic in many parts of the world and threats from old and new pathogens continue to emerge, with changes to global climate, agricultural practices and demography presenting conditions that are especially favourable for the spread of arthropod-borne diseases into new geographical areas. Zoonotic infections that are transmissible either directly or indirectly between animals and humans are on the increase and pose significant additional threats to human health and the current pandemic status of new influenza A (H1N1) is a topical example of the challenge presented by zoonotic viruses ( Tomley & Shirley, 2009). Malaysia, being one of the members of  the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE)  which is responsible for  setting standards for control of animal diseases. For year 2017, the list includes 116 animal diseases, infections and infestations, many of which are zoonotic in nature.  As such, this paper discusses the common zoonotic infections diagnosed in the five  Regional Veterinary Laboratories which are spread across the country and entrusted to carry out diagnostic tests to aid in the treatment and control of  animal diseases. A total of almost half a million samples are tested  comprising more than a  million tests done to help the Department of Veterinary Services to control and eradicate economically important diseases to safeguard the animal population.  Of these, zoonotic diseases comprise a small but significant entity which needs careful attention ( Chandrawathani et al., 2017)

Dora Tan (1981)  has reported  that among the many zoonotic diseases prevalent in Malaysia, are leptospirosis, rabies, influenza, Japanese encephalitis, toxoplasmosis, ornithosis, Q fever and monkeypox which have been investigated at the  lnstitute for Medical Research, Kuala Lumpur.  The regional laboratories have full capability to conduct tests to confirm parasitic, viral and bacterial  infections except for rabies and avian influenza, which is  diagnosed in the Veterinary Research Institute.  However, preliminary tests for avian influenza can still be done in regional laboratories.

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About this Article Paper

CHANDRAWATHANI PANCHADCHARAM, TARIQ J., SAIRA BANU M.R.,  NORASYIKIN A., ROHANA A.B., FAIZAH HANIM M.S., ZULKIFLI A., SANTHI M. & MARZUKI Z. Zoonotic diseases diagnosed from JAN 2016 to AUG 2017 in Regional Veterinary Laboratories, Department of Veterinary Services, Malaysia. 54thAnnual Scientific Conference , Malaysian Society of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine. 14-15 March 2018. Connexion Conference & Event Centre , Kuala Lumpur. (e-poster)

1DVS Putrajaya, 2MVK Kota Baru, Kelantan, 3MVK Bukit Tengah , P, Pinang. 4MVK Wilayah Tengah, Salak Tinggi, 5MVK Kuantan, 6MVK Johore Bahru


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