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Kedah-Kelantan (KK) cattle are an indigenous cattle breed of Malaysia, which can be found throughout the country but mainly in the northern states of Peninsular Malaysia. KKs mostly have a light to dark brown coat; a broad and short head; small, pointed and dropping ears; small horns of variable shape; a long, small and compact body, which is well proportionate with well sprung ribs. The hump is moderately developed in males and small in females (Photo 1). They are well-known for their tolerance of drought and heat which make them well adapted to the tropical environment. They are mainly used for beef production and have been identified as the breed of choice in tree-crop integration projects. They are normally found free grazing in villages and in 1994 constituted 81.2% of breeding cattle in Malaysia. Since 1986, the population of mature KK females and their crosses has been increasing at a rate of 4.4% per annum under a traditional farming system (Raymond and Krishnalingam, 1997). DADIS (2009) stated that there are an estimated 536,147 heads of KK cattle in Malaysia in 1996 and it is currently not considered as a breed at risk. However a comprehensive survey needs to be conducted to give the accurate current information on the KK population.


Hafiz A.R1., Raymond A.K.2, Salleh S.I.1, Ernie-Muneerah M.A.1, Azmil-Asyraf M.E.3,

Abu-Hassan M.A.2, Kamaruddin M.I.2 and Zawawi I.1


1National Institute of Veterinary Biodiversity, 27000 Jerantut, Pahang

2Department of Veterinary Services, Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industries, Wisma Tani, Blok Podium, Lot 4G1, Presint 4, 62630 Putrajaya

3Government Livestock Breeding Farm, 17510 Tanah Merah, Kelantan


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  1. Hafiz A.R., Raymond A.K., Salleh S.I., Ernie-Muneerah, M.A., Azmil-Asyraf M.E., Abu-Hassan M.A., Kamaruddin M.I. and Zawawi I (2010). Conservation Strategies of Kedah-Kelantan Cattle in Malaysia. Proceeding of 2nd National Conference on Agrobiodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Utilization. May 2010. (Page 152-154).


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