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Effects of Synchronization on Reproductive Performance in Swamp Buffaloes

Buffaloes in Sabah are commonly reared as draught animal in oil palm plantations. Due to their poor reproductive performances, it is difficult for the farmers to plan for a proper breeding programme. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the effects of synchronisation on reproductive performance in Swamp buffaloes. A total of 15 Swamp buffalo cows were selected based on the predetermined criteria. They were divided into three groups and treated with three methods of synchronisation protocols namely Ovsynch (G1), CIDR-PGF2α-GnRH (G2) and  CIDR-PGF2α (G3). Observations of oestrus behaviour was done for 5 days post-synchronisation with the presence of bull in each group. Throughout the experiment, two buffalo cows were excluded from G1 and G3. Observations done shows that most of the oestrus signs were seen in the morning on the third day post-treatment. Vaginal sniffing and restlessness were the most oestrus signs observed. Pregnancy diagnosis performed 45-60 days post synchronization showed that 38.5% (n=13) of the animals were pregnant with 50% (n=4) in G1, 20% (n=5) in G2 and 50% (n=4) in G3. This study concluded that oestrus synchronization using protocol 1 and protocol 3 resulted in higher pregnancy rates. In addition, protocol 1 will be the best option to be used for breeding programme considering its practicality of application and cost effectiveness.

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About this Article Paper

Connie Tan. Effects of Synchronization on Reproductive Performance in Swamp Buffaloes. 30th Veterinary Association of Malaysia (VAM) Congress. 19th-20th October, 2018. Hilton Hotel, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.(Abstract of Oral Presentaion).

 

*1Connie Tann, 2Abd. Wahid Haron, 2Hiew Wen Han Mark  

1Department of Veterinary Services, Sabah 

2Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia,  

*Corresponding author: ConnieJoyce.Tann@sabah.gov.my  


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