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Common pathogens diagnosed in pig samples received by Veterinary Research Institute from year 2014 to 2017

A total of 23,322 specimens from 2,592 cases were received in Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) from various states in Malaysia and tested for common bacterial, viral, and parasitic diseases in pig. From 771 samples, the highest rate of isolated bacteria  were Salmonella (47.38%), followed by Escherichia coli (15.68%), Staphylococcus (6.62%), Streptococcus (5.57%), Klebsiella pneumonia (4.88%), Pseudomonas (3.38%), Acinetobacter (3.14%), Aeromonas (2.79%), and Enterobacter (2.44%). Bacillus and Pasteurella  multocida were detected at 1.74% respectively. Enterococcus (1.39%), Corynebacterium (1.05%), Moraxella (0.70%) and 0.35% each one of Aspergillus, Burkholderia, and Chromobacterium were also isolated. The highest percentage of positive samples for viral diseases tested by ELISA were Japanese Encephalitis (JE) (9.15%), followed by Aujezsky’s disease (AD) (5.37%), Porcine Circovirus Type 2 (PCV2) (5.09%) and Porcine Reproductive And Respiratory Syndrome (4.52%). While the highest percentage using molecular test for viral diseases were Porcine Circovirus Type 2 (1.62%), followed by Porcine Reproductive And Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS) (1.32%) and Classical Swine Fever (CSF) (0.4%). A total of 1,305 samples were sent for serological testing and were reported positive for Brucella Suis (15.32%), Brucella Abortus (0.62%), Brucella Melitensis (0.85%), and Melioidosis (0.05%).  A total of 99 samples were tested for parasitic diseases, and 10.1% were reported positive with Coccidiosis. Helminthiasis and Sarcocystis  were detected at 1.0% respectively. No positive cases were reported for Porcine Parvovirus (PPV), Nipah, Swine Influenza Virus (SIV), Johne’s and Leptospirosis within the 4 years period. Continuous assessment is required to establish the comprehensive baseline data of swine diseases in Malaysia.  

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Aisya Naama Tulis. Common pathogens diagnosed in pig samples received by Veterinary Research Institute from year 2014 to 2017. 30th Veterinary Association of Malaysia (VAM) Congress. 19th-20th October, 2018. Hilton Hotel, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.(Abstract of Rapid Oral Presentation).

1*Aisya Naama Tulis, 2Chandrawathani P., 1Zurin Azlin M. J.,  1Roseliza R., 1Roslina H., 1Azizah D., 1Nurul Fatiha A.S., 1Nurulaini R., 1Masrin A., 1Sohayati A.R.   

1 Veterinary Research Institute, 59 Jalan Sultan Azlan Shah, 31400 Ipoh, Perak 

2 Department of Veterinary Services, Putrajaya, Malaysia  Corresponding author: naamatulis@dvs.gov.my  


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