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First reported case of brucellosis in Timorensis deer in Muar, Johore

Brucellosis is a major zoonotic disease caused by several Brucella species, which contributes to reproductive loss in animals. Each Brucella species tends to be associated with a specific host species, however animals are highly susceptible to cross species infection when they are kept in close proximity. Sheep and goats are the primary hosts for B. melitensis. Infections have also been reported in bovines, camels, alpacas, canine,  horses and swine. Brucellosis is usually transmitted between animals in contact with the placenta, fetus, fetal fluids and vaginal discharges from an infected animal. An aborted fetus of Timorensis deer was presented for necropsy in September 2017 from a deer farm in Johor. Necropsy revealed bloodstained ascites fluid in the abdominal cavity, an enlarged liver and pale lung. Liver and lung samples were cultured onto Brucella agar following standard procedure. Gram negative coccobacillus colonies were isolated from the lung and liver samples; later identified as Brucella melitensis. Conclusively, suggesting the finding to be the first recognized case of Brucella melitensis in Timorensis deer.  

Key words: Fetus, Brucella melitensis, Timorensis, Muar, Johor.    

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Kamini Jayarajah. First reported case of brucellosis in Timorensis deer in Muar, Johore. 30th Veterinary Association of Malaysia (VAM) Congress. 19th-20th October, 2018. Hilton Hotel, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.(Abstract of Rapid Oral Presentation).

 

*1Kamini Jayarajah, 1Santhini Bhaskaran, 1Sarol Kalam, 2Norina Lokman, 2Aidi Mohamad  1Regional Veterinary Laboratory Johor Bahru, Lot PTB 11098, Jalan Taruka Off Jalan Datin Halimah, 80350, Johor Bahru, Johor; 2Deparment of Veterinary Services, Johor.  *Corresponding Author: minika_87@yahoo.com 


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