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The challenges for development of biogas plants from animal manure in Malaysia

Development of biogas plants from livestock waste in Malaysia is still at its infancy stage compared to biogas plants from other sources of waste. Issues and challenges for its development could be observed from many points of view. To date, there are at least 15 biogas plants based on livestock waste that have been developed throughout Malaysia. With slow phase of technology adaptability, two more biogas plants are planned to be built based on pig manure and dairy cattle manure. Either with proper planning or not, all these biogas plants were originally built for domestic use in which 53.8% for electricity generation whilst 50% as fuel supply. Based on survey conducted, it revealed that only 38.5% of the biogas plants are still functional, mostly located in west coast areas of the Peninsular where intensive livestock farms exist. Another 23.1% and 38.5% of the biogas plants are dormant and never functioning respectively due to poor maintenance, improper planning and design errors, lack of technical knowledge to run the system consistently or insufficient livestock waste to continuously producing the biogas. From the economic aspect, farmers need to spend about RM200-RM15,000 per month to support its maintenance cost. Besides, cooking fuel and electricity supply are affordable and easier to get since Malaysia ranks 8 out of 190 countries in the area of getting electricity supply. This factor seems to give a significant effect on the livestock farmers’ willingness to develop the biogas plant in a more systematic way and timely.    

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About this Article Paper

Nurul Aini Mohd Yusof. The challenges for development of biogas plants from animal manure in Malaysia. 30th Veterinary Association of Malaysia (VAM) Congress. 19th-20th October, 2018. Hilton Hotel, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.(Abstract of Rapid Oral Presentation).


*Nurul Aini Mohd Yusof, Suhaimi Dollah, Nurshuhada Solahudin, Roslan Mohd Yusof, Norazean Mohamd Falal  

Department of Veterinary Services  

*Corresponding Author: aini@dvs.gov.my 


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