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Spatial distribution of potential swiftlet farming areas based on land use status in Johor

The Edible Bird Nest (EBN) industry have grown vigorously into a multi-million ringgit industry due to its high value in the international market. Increasing demand mainly from Vietnam, Singapore, Hong Kong and China. To date, the Department of Veterinary Services (DVS) all over Malaysia has registered more than 9,600 premises throughout the country. The objective of this study is to give an overview of the possibilities and potential uses of a Geographical Information System (GIS) for monitoring and assisting decision-making process of potential areas for swiftlet birdhouses in the state of  Johor, Malaysia. The following areas in which GIS and GIS-functions were incorporated are presented: (1) the distribution of registered swiftlet houses from the year 2014-2017, (2) land use distribution of oil palm, paddy field and urban areas and (3) hot-spot analysis were conducted to determine the area density. 1,779 swiftlet birdhouses was registered in eight districts of Johor and the highest density of birdhouse is located in the district of Johor Bahru followed by Muar and Batu Pahat with a total number of 288, 225 and 220 premises, correspondingly. Furthermore, based on the land use areas in Johor, 80.29% of the total birdhouses was built on oil palm plantation areas whereas 19.71% in urban areas. These findings are essential for better understanding of the potential swiftlet birdhouse management and planning as well as successful EBN production in future.   

Keywords: Birdhouses, Geographical Information System, Land Use, Edible Bird Nest (EBN) 

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About this Article Paper

Sharil Azwan Mohd Zain. Spatial distribution of potential swiftlet farming areas based on land use status in Johor. 30th Veterinary Association of Malaysia (VAM) Congress. 19th-20th October, 2018. Hilton Hotel, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia.(Abstract of Rapid Oral Presentation).


 

*Sharil Azwan Mohd Zain, Fakhrulisham Razali, Mohammad Masrin Azami,   Norhaliza Abdul Halim @ Jamahuri, Nurfadnida Jaafar  Department of Veterinary Services  *Corresponding Author: sharil848@gmail.com 


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