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PRELIMINARY STUDY ON NUTRIENT CONTENT OF LOCAL GRASS IN INTEGRATED FARMING IN JOHOR

Integrating livestock in rubber or oil palm plantations has optimized the productivity of each land unit used in Malaysia. Malaysia has vast fields such as oil palm plantations, rubber and coconut. Under the trees and inter-row spaces promote the growth of at least 60

THE USE OF NIR IN PREDICTING NUTRITIVE VALUE OF GRASS SAMPLES AT ANIMAL FEED LABORATORY, IVM.

The rapid analysis for predicting nutritive value of grass samples with near infrared reflectance spectroscopy was studied. Wet chemistry analysis for dry matter, total ash, crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre and minerals were time consuming, involve high cost a

A REVIEW OF FIFTEEN YEARS ANNUAL STATISTIC OF FORAGE SAMPLES RECEIVED AT ANIMAL FEED LABORATORY, IVM.

The Animal Feed Laboratory, Institut Veterinar Malaysia (IVM) of the Department Of Veterinary Services is responsible for feeding stuffs analysis in the southern region of Peninsular Malaysia. During the last 15 years, forage analysis has become a routine activity of

COMPARISON OF PROXIMATE ANALYSIS AND NEAR INFRARED REFLECTANCE TECHNOLOGY FOR ANALYZING THE QUALITY OF PALM KERNEL CAKE

ABSTRACT The purpose of the current study is to compare the means from reference method (proximate analysis) with test method (NIR). Six parameters were studied which are moisture, crude ash, crude protein, ether extracts, crude fiber and nitrogen free extract. PKC sa

NUTRITIVE VALUE OF PALM KERNEL MEAL SINCE 1999 TO 2010 BASED ON SAMPLES ANALYZED BY ANIMAL FEED LABORATORY, IVM

Abstract: Palm Kernel Meal is well known as raw material with a balanced nutritional value, especially as livestock feed. It also widely used by livestock producers as a supplementary feed. However, the nutritive values of this by-product vary and depend on many factors. Proximate analysis values

EVALUATION OF COPPER CONCENTRATION IN PALM KERNEL MEAL BASED ON SAMPLES SUBMITTED TO IVM FROM YEAR 2006 TO 2011

Abstract: Palm Kernel Meal (PKM) is a protein feed with high fibre content. It is suitable for feeding of ruminants. Unfortunately the copper content in this feedstuff is associated with copper poisoning. Continuous monitoring of copper content in PKM samples were analyzed in the Animal Feed Labo

PREVALENCE ON CASEOUS LYMPHADENITIS IN SHEEP AND GOATS DETECTED FROM CASES SUBMITTED TO VRI, IPOH FROM 2008 TO 2010

Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in Malaysian sheep and goats were diagnosed routinely by Veterinary Research Institute. From five categories of samples received, herd health programme was analyzed because compared to other cate

IDENTIFICATION OF Aspergillus flavus FROM INTERNAL TRANSCRIBED SPACER REGIONS 1 AND 2 USING POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION

Aspergillus flavus is identified as one of the most frequent causes of invasive aspergillosis in humans and animals. This organism is responsible for the elaboration of the toxin in the feed and the toxin is known as aflatoxin. There are various methods available to a

INACTIVATION/DELETION OF PLD GENE FROM Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis

Caseous lymphadenitis is a disease caused by C. pseudotuberculosis which brings significant economic losses to small ruminant producers worldwide. The pld gene that encodes potent exotoxin has been considered as the major virulence factor for this bacterium. Deletion of pld gene is done by insert

CONSTRUCTION OF KNOCK-OUT FUR GENE FOR THE PRODUCTION OF IROMPs IN PASTERURELLA MULTOCIDA 6: B FROM CATTLE

Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (HS) is a major disease of cattle and buffaloes characterized by an acute, highly fatal septicaemia with high morbidity and mortality. In Asia, HS caused by infection with Pasteurella multocida serotype B:2 or 6:B. To overcome the problem asso

Abstract Book: 27th Conference of the WAAVP

Theme: Sifting and Winnowing the Evidence in Veterinary Parasitology. With an overall theme of Sifting and Winnowing the Evidence in Veterinary Parasitology, the Conference reminds us that we cannot for a moment believe that knowle

Abstract Book: 55th Annual Scientific Conference of the MSPTM

This is an abstract book for 55th Annual Scientific Conference of the Malaysian Society of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine (MSPTM) which was held on the 13th and 14th March 2019 at Intercontinental Hotel Kuala Lumpur. Among the participants of this conference

Comparison of fatty acid profile for chicken meat produced from the use of Palm Kernel Cake (PKC) feed and commercial chicken feed

This study aims to compare the fatty acid profile in chicken meat from the use of premium grade palm kernel cake (PKC) feed compared to the commercial feed. A decrease in saturated fatty acid (SFA) level and a concomitant increase in the monounsaturated (MUF

Spatial distribution of potential swiftlet farming areas based on land use status in Johor

The Edible Bird Nest (EBN) industry have grown vigorously into a multi-million ringgit industry due to its high value in the international market. Increasing demand mainly from Vietnam, Singapore, Hong Kong and China. To date, the Department of Veterinary Se

Reproductive performance of Mafriwal dairy cattle

Good reproductive performance of lactating dairy cows is essential for profitable milk production. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of three genetic groups of Holstein blood inheritance (M60, M70, and M80) on reproductive traits. Calvin

Evaluation of whole blood test kit for Salmonella screening for poultry

Salmonellosis is an important disease in poultry. Flock screening using rapid salmonella stained antigen is recommended by OIE for rapid diagnosis. A study was conducted to evaluate the performance of Salmonella stained antigen produced by VRI (SAPEN) and &n

Ascaridiosis complicated with Mycoplasma spp. infection in village chickens

3 village chickens consist of 2 live birds and 1 dead bird aged 6 months old from the same population were presented Kuantan Regional Veterinary Laboratory on 7 December 2017 for disease investigation by the Kuantan District Veterinary Service Office personn

A comparison of the straw technique and conventional technique for sample collection for Rabies FAT

Rabies is caused by Lyssavirus of the Rhabdovirus family. Rabies was recently reported in 2017 in Sarawak and 2018 in Perlis. The straw technique requires an ordinary drinking straw and skill for the brain sampling. On the other hand, the conventional techni

Histopathological and virus tissue distribution of Avian Reovirus Cluster IV in Malaysia

 Avian Reovirus (ARV) has been known to cause a wide range of disease presentations affecting the avian species. This study was performed to compare the microscopic lesions induced by ARVs histologically in six different tissues such as tendon, liver, l

The challenges for development of biogas plants from animal manure in Malaysia

Development of biogas plants from livestock waste in Malaysia is still at its infancy stage compared to biogas plants from other sources of waste. Issues and challenges for its development could be observed from many points of view. To date, there are at lea

Preliminary study on viability of small-scale biogas plant design in dairy farms in Sabah, Malaysia.

In 2009, Malaysia introduced National Green Technology Policy with its main agenda was to increase the development of green technology in Malaysia. During the first 2 years after it has been launched, the construction of green technology facilities such as b

Evaluation of diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of Melioidosis Complement Fixation Test in sheep and goat using 2124/01 Burkholderia pseudomallei antigen

 In Malaysia, Melioidosis in animals has been reported in local goats, sheep, cattle, pigs, deer, monkeys, horses, cats, dogs, and rabbits since 1921. It was also reported among orang utans at the Sepilok Rehabilitation Centre in Sandakan, Sabah in 1965

Determination of multi-class veterinary drugs in chicken feed by ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry

The use of veterinary drugs including antibiotics has received global  attention in recent years especially due to the development of antimicrobial drug resistance. It is essential that suitable methods of analysis are available to control this problem.

Preliminary study on the contents of major minerals in various feedstuff

Major minerals especially magnesium, phosphorus and calcium play an important role in the development and growth of ruminants and poultry. While most feedstuffs naturally contain these major minerals at specific levels, many types of feed formulation approac

Investigation of Tetracycline antimicrobial activities against Staphylococcus aureus from clinical mastitis strains in growth media and milk

Mastitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of mammary gland which causes economic losses in the dairy industry. Antibiotic therapy has not been successful to control the disease. Interaction of the drug and protein composition in the milk like as ca

First reported case of brucellosis in Timorensis deer in Muar, Johore

Brucellosis is a major zoonotic disease caused by several Brucella species, which contributes to reproductive loss in animals. Each Brucella species tends to be associated with a specific host species, however animals are highly susceptible to cross species

First report of Madurella mycetomi induced systemic pulmonary and myocardium mycosis in Dugong dugon, Mersing, Johore

Dugongs, is also known as sea cows were registered as the endangered species (IUCN, 2010) and rare in Malaysia. Dugongs can be found in the shallow waters of shoals, reefs, sand flats, and seagrass beds throughout Johor, Sabah and Sarawak. Pulau Sibu and Pul

Common pathogens diagnosed in pig samples received by Veterinary Research Institute from year 2014 to 2017

A total of 23,322 specimens from 2,592 cases were received in Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) from various states in Malaysia and tested for common bacterial, viral, and parasitic diseases in pig. From 771 samples, the highest rate of isolated bacteria &

Prevalence of blood parasites and intestinal parasites incommercial breeding porcupines (Hystrix brachyura)

A survey was carried out to determine the prevalence of blood parasites and intestinal parasites from porcupines in captivity in Peninsular Malaysia. A total of 81 blood samples and 25 faecal samples were collected randomly from commercial breeding porcupine

Growth performance of broiler chicken (Gallus domesticus) using Palm Kernel Cake based chicken feed

The study was carried out to assess the growth performance of broiler chicken fed on 30%-45% premium grade palm kernel cake (PKC) feed and the commercial feed. A total of 600 day-old broiler chicks were used to determine the efficiency of utilization PKC ani

Serological tests for parasitic infections in livestock and pets conducted at the Veterinary Research Institute, Malaysia from 2000 to 2015

Parasitic infections such as protozoan and helminth infections abound in livestock in Malaysia. Over a 15 years period from 2000 to 2015, serological tests were conducted in Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) for surveillance and diagnosis to elucidate the

Efficacy of Glyphosate, Ametryn and Metsulfuron Methyl for controlling Eleucine indica (L.) - A Review

Weeds can replace desirable grass species, filling in gaps or voids and reducing yield and overall quality of pasture and forages. Any plant competing with cultivated plants or that in some way interfere with man’s legitimate activities is considered t

A pilot study on market structure and fresh meat prices compared to frozen imported meat

A share of the fresh beef market in Malaysia is estimated to be about 23 percent based on current self-sufficiency level of beef meat. Others are primarily frozen beef which is mainly imported. Fresh beef processing activities are based on local and/or impor

Spatial analysis of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenze A (H5N1) outbreak in Kelantan, Malaysia for the year 2017

Asian highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A (H5N1) virus occurs mainly in birds and is highly contagious among them. HPAI Asian H5N1 is especially deadly for poultry. This study examines the use of Geographical Information System (GIS) and describes the

Blood protozoan infections in ruminant livestock from 2011 to 2017 - Challenges in diagnosis and investigation

A retrospective study was conducted to provide an update of the current status of important blood protozoan infections in ruminant livestock in Malaysia from January 2011 to December 2017.  A total of 10,258 blood samples were examined for the presence

Isolation and detection of Equine Influenza Virus in nasal swabs from outbreak cases in Malaysia

Equine influenza virus (EIV) belongs to Influenza A group and causes respiratory syndrome disease in horses, leading to economic loses. The disease has a worldwide occurrence and is easily transmitted by direct contact with infected animals, fomites and aero

The evaluation of customer satifaction on service offered by Kuantan Regional Veterinary Laboratory 2018

A survey was conducted to determine the customer satisfaction on services offered by Kuantan Regional Veterinary Laboratory for year 2018. The service evaluation was conducted once every 2 years. Review from 31 regular customers were collected manually by filling out

Evaluation of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia Vaccine formulated with Montanide ISA 61 VG, Corona 8-SO-(RB), Double Oil Adjuvant and Alum

Selection of different formulations in vaccines production is important for safe and sound immunological response in animals. In this study, two new vaccine formulations, which consist of Montanide ISA 61 VG and Corona 8-SO-(RB), respectively were incorporated in prep

Lethal dose 50 test of Pasteurella multocida Type A in mice

Potency test is mandatory quality control (QC) test in the vaccine production and involves using an animal model. Easy-to-manage animal mice have been selected as an alternative animal for potency testing of VRI’s Duck Pasteurellosis vaccine. However, the infect

Pet ownership in Putrajaya

The objective of the study was to determine the status of pet ownership among Putrajaya residence. The survey was administered by means of a questionnaire, either by face to face interview or online. A total of 594 residence participated in this survey. The result has

Comparison of bacteria culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods in identification of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in clinical samples from goat

Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is responsible to cause Caseous Lymphadenitis (CLA) commonly in sheep and goat. Therefore, it causes major economic loss in small ruminant industry. Early detection is vital for the control and prevention steps of this disea

Diagnostic information of parasitic infections in various animal species at Regional Diagnostic Laboratory Bukit Tengah from 2015 to 2017

Regional Laboratory Bukit Tengah (RLBT) was received samples obtained from various animal species as diagnostic cases which were sent from Perlis, Kedah, Penang and Northern Perak. Routine diagnostic tests were done to establish the incidence of positive infections in

Usage of bioreactor in producing Salmonella antigen as a Salmonella biological control in poultry

One of the effective methods controlling Salmonella in poultry is by regularly monitoring farm with salmonella antigen. As a step towards biomass production, this antigen has been optimized in bioreactor as an alternative from the conventional method that currently us

Biogas production from a small holder dairy farm in Selangor

The growing interest in anaerobic biotechnology has been closely associated with the benefit of energy and nutrient recovery while achieving the objective of pollution abatement. The main reasonfor the breakthrough of the anaerobic waste treatment method presumably li

Preliminary study on natural occurrence of Aflatoxins, Zearalenone and Fumonisins in grain maize grown in Peninsular Malaysia

The maize plant and kernel are prone to infection by fungal attack and are most likely to be contaminated with mycotoxins under suitable temperature and humidity conditions, during both the growing and storage period. The aim of this study is to evaluate the occurrenc

Incidence of Listeria monocytogenes in dairy and food products of animal origin in central region of Peninsular Malaysia

Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen which causes listeriosis, an illness characterized by meningitis, encephalitis and septicemia, especially in immunocompromised individuals, elderly and pregnant women. It has been reported that several outbreaks

Mycotic encephalitis and pulmonary-nephromycoses infection in Irrawaddy dolphin - A case report

Irrawaddy dolphin also known as Orcaella brevirostris was listed as critically endangered species in the whole world by The World Wide Fund for nature (WWF) (Elliot et.al, 2009). On Feb 2017, a carcass of male Irrawaddy Dolphin, weight 120 kg with 2 meters length was

Prox's system systematic management in biochemistry laboratory of Veterinary Services Department Malaysia

Biochemistry Laboratory is one of the laboratories that conduct livestock nutrient analysis involving major nutrient analysis such as dry matter, protein, fiber, fat, total ash, nitrogen-free extracts, total digestible nutrients, metabolisable energy, neutra

Retrospective study on Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) positive cases from 2014-2017 in Peninsular Malaysia

Malaysia had experienced Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) outbreak as early as in 1909. Since then, the disease is endemic in Peninsular Malaysia until now. A retrospective study on the FMD vaccination and outbreak data from 2014-2017 was conducted to evaluate t

Detection of Avian Reovirus in commercial broiler-breeder chicken in Johor, Malaysia by Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

Avian reoviruses (ARVs) are members of the Orthoreovirus genus in the family Reoviridae. These viruses were recognized to be associated with many avian diseases such as tenosynovitis, respiratory and enteric diseases, hydropericardium, pericarditis, myocardi

Development of Bacilli ID system for Bacillus species identification in VRI

This paper reports on the development of Bacilli ID system, which is a formulated spreadsheet in Microsoft Excel to assist in Bacillus species identification. In VRI Bacteriology Laboratory, we received about 25,000 samples annually for bacterial is

Comparative evaluation of RBPT and CFT for detection of Brucella antibodies from ruminants

Brucellosis is an economically important zoonotic disease which is endemic in many countries. The screening is based mainly on serological testing including Complement Fixation Test (CFT) and Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT).  CFT is time-consuming and tec

The comparison of immune response of Newcastle Disease Virus vaccine in Specific Pathogen Free (SPF) village chickens

Immune response of ND vaccine 1174/08 strain that was developed at Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) was tested. The objective of this study was to compare the immune response of SPF and village chickens to live ND vaccine 1174/18 strain (NDVAC-1174/2008).

Hygiene and safety of meat from local abattoir: A survey on public concerns

Greater urbanisation in Malaysia has led to raise in public health concern on food safety issue. Production of local meats (beef and mutton) in Malaysia are below 23% from self-sufficiency and depending on importation. This study was conducted as to investig

Rabies diagnostic management

Rabies is a notifiable re-emerging fatal zoonotic disease of mammals, which becomes a global public health threat. Lately, multiple outbreaks in Perlis, Kedah, Penang (2015) and Perak (2017) affected the country’s Rabies free status. Subsequently, Sara

Rapid and simple approach identification of Pasteurella multocida serogroup A, B dan D by Direct PCR from colony

Pasteurella multocida and its serogroups is an important zoonotic pathogen which can have a considerable impact in livestock as well as damaging economic impact. The infection of this bacteria can cause a range of diseases to wild and domesticated animal as

Effect of natural mating and artificial insemination on pregnancy rates in synchronised swamp buffaloes

Buffaloes are hardy animals that can survive under rough condition and are known to be a slow breeder. Their poor reproductive performance has contributed to the reduction of ovulation, declining in the reproductive performance and thus affecting the calving

Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of Infectious Bursal Disease Virus from chicken in Malaysia

Infectious Bursal Disease Virus (IBDV) is a highly contagious disease and can cause immunosuppression in chicken. Serotype I IBDV is continuously reported and can cause significant economic losses in Malaysia despite the implementation of the intensive vacci

IKTA Quail population and production status from 2011-2018

Grand Parent Stock (GPS) IKTA Quail Farm was transferred from Institut Kemajuan Ternakan Ayam (IKTA), Johor to Institute of Poultry Technology (ITU), Melaka in 2010. Consequently, ITU has taken a role in supplying and producing DOQ (Day-Old Quail) to the par

Microbiological quality of local milk as analysed by regional Veterinary Laboratories in 2017

Raw milk from local dairy farmers which were sent to Pusat Pengumpulan Industri Tenusu (PPIT)/ Milk Collection Centre will undergo platform tests prior for acceptance, then submitted to Regional Veterinary Laboratories for total plate count (TPC) test. Norma

Growth performance of cattle fed by oil palm empty fruit bunches based feedstuff produced by two difference method

Malaysia is rich with biomass sources from palm oil industry and agricultural waste such as palm kernel meal, palm oil mill effluent, palm fronds, oil palm empty fruit bunches, and others. Oil palm empty fruit bunch has low quality in terms of nutritional va

First report on identification of Pasteurella multocida serogroup F in Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Malaysia

This paper reports on the positive isolation and identification of Pasteurella multocida serogroup F from a pig in Sarawak, Malaysia. In this case, a two years old Large White crossed Landrace female pig was reported thin and had multiple abscesses on the lu

Nutritive value of corn silage

Corn is one of the forages which is often used as silage and fed to ruminant animals. The good quality corn silage contains high energy and protein (average 8.1%). The keys for producing good quality corn silage are to ensure that corn is harvested at proper

Wound healing activity of Spirulina platensis extract on diabetic rats

Diabetes mellitus, which impairs wound healing process, is associated with the increment in pro-inflammatory cytokines at the wound site.S. platensis was reported to possess anti-inflammatory property and enhanced wound healing in rats. Syarina et al. have  

Efficacy of anthelmintic treatment to control parasites

The trials of FECR were conducted on sheep in the Veterinary Institute, Kluang. A total of 60 weaned sheep were selected and divided into six (6) groups. Group A was treated with ivermectin (0.5 ml / 25 kg of body weight), Group B received closantel (1 ml/5

Dry matter yield and chemical composition of the weeds in integrated farming

There are several type of the weeds that are potential as feed in livestock integration system but less study were conduct to determine the dry matter yield and chemical composition of the weeds. The objectives of this study is to determine the dry matter yi

Study on bacteriostatic and bactericidal activity of Piper cubeba L. extract against Escherichia coli in raw chicken meat

Traditionally, P. cubeba L. was globally acknowledged as flavoring ingredients in food and widely used in meat marination. Nutritional properties and antimicrobial activity  of the spice was reported scientifically in various researches. In this study,

First detection of Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus in swine from Malaysia

Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) naturally infects cattle and results in mucosal disease, acute infections of respiratory system and gastrointestinal tracts and reproductive disorders. However, since 1973, the host range of BVDV has been found to extend &n

Morphological characteristics of Shami goat in two farms in Malaysia

Shami goat is a dual-purpose goat originated from Syria and widely spread into Mediterranean countries. Previous study on morphological characteristics have been done on the first batch of Shami goat imported to Malaysia in 2009. The objective of this study

Effect of Drying and Heating Approach of The Nutritional Value of Corn in Animal Feedstuff-A Review

Corn grain (Zea mays L.) is among the most widely produced grain in the world with roughly 7 to 11 tan/ha per year). Corn as major grains formulation in feedstuffs as a source of energy (carbohydrate) especially in poultry and pig industry. Generally, corn w

The Performance Study of Anaerobic Digestion System from Dairy Cattle Farm

Dairy farm effluent consists of the manure and urine excreted in the milking shed and yards, mixed with the wash-down water used to remove the waste from these areas and concrete yard runoff following rainfall. Therefore, there is a need to study the charact

Market Structure of Local Fresh Beef and Imported Carabeef: A Pilot Study Among Consumer

Availability, price and consumer preferences play an important role in determining the local fresh beef market and imported frozen buffalo meat. The purpose of this study was to determine the structure of the local fresh beef markets and carabeefs imported a

Effects of Synchronization on Reproductive Performance in Swamp Buffaloes

Buffaloes in Sabah are commonly reared as draught animal in oil palm plantations. Due to their poor reproductive performances, it is difficult for the farmers to plan for a proper breeding programme. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the effec

Positive Detection of Plasmid Mediated Colistin Resistant (MCR-1) Gene in Salmonella spp. Isolated from Chickens

The emergence of multidrug resistant (MDR) is a major threat worldwide, and it has become worse with the emergence of resistant towards colistin antibiotic. The plasmid mediated colistin resistant gene (mcr-1) present in the bacteria contribute much to the s

Growth and Feed Conversion Efficiency of Malin Lambs in Intensive Production

Fourteen weaned Malin lambs (3-month of age), seven from each male and female lambs were fed with 3% of body weight of concentrate and ad libitum forage diet under intensive system for 3 months. Average daily weight gain (ADG) and feed conversion ratio (FCR)

Molecular Detection of Infectious Bronchitis Virus (IBV) from Avian Samples in RVLBT Using RT-PCR and Nested PCR

This paper reports the detection of Infectious Bronchitis Virus (IBV) from avian samples submitted to Regional Veterinary Laboratory at Bukit Tengah (RVLBT) by Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) and Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR

The Effect of Useful Microbes Bokashi Addition to Diet on Weight Gains of Rabbit

An experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of useful microbes-bokashi addition to the diet on the weight gains of rabbits. In total, 20 weaned rabbits (30 days old) of crossbred were divided at random among two groups (experimental and control) at

The Collective Assemblance of Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) in Cats from the Four-Quarters of The Post Mortem Table

Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) is a common, fatal and immune-mediated disease of cats caused by feline coronavirus (FCoV) infection. The clinical manifestations of FIP can be either a pathogenic disease or more commonly a benign or mild enteric infectio

A Preliminary Study on the Status of the Population of Free Roaming Dogs in Pulau Pinang

Free roaming dogs (FRD) are defined as unconfined dogs and are not prevented from roaming.  These FRDs are known to have habituated to  living closely with people with or without an owner in attendance. In Malaysia, the status quo of our FRDs and i

Potential of Biogas Plants from Livestock Waste Development in Malaysia

With the difficulty of disposal of a large amount of manure, this could cause a serious pollution threat and high nutrient release into the environment. A large amount of animal waste produced is one of the cost-effective and renewable substrates that can p

Veterinary services in Malaysia: Its relevance to nation building

A veterinarian is at the forefront in nation building. He is uniquely qualified to fulfill an array of roles apart from preventing disease and healing animals. Over the years, veterinary professionals have played considerable and contributory roles in animal and human

18th Asian-Australasian Animal production Congress. 1-5 August 2018. Borneo Convention Centre, Kuching Sarawak

Malaysian Society of Animal Production is proud to be the host of the next AAAP congress, which is held biannually. Asian-Australasian Animal Production, a consortium of animal societies, founded in 1980 with 8 charter members representing the animal production societies of Australia, Indon

Zoonotic Diseases Diagnosed From Jan 2016 To Aug 2017 In Regional Veterinary Laboratories, Department Of Veterinary Services, Malaysia

ABSTRACT Infectious diseases of livestock are a major threat to global animal health and welfare and their effective control is crucial for agronomic health, for safeguarding and securing national and international food supplies and for allevi

Anthelmintic Resistance And Its Impact On High Mortality In Small Ruminants In Malaysia

Abstract Malaysia has a total population of about 700,000 heads of sheep and goats  mainly in commercial farms as well as bred in smallholder enterprises.  As a tropical country with hot wet climate, it is the perfect environment for parasitic diseases, most com

Impact Of pH On The Viability And Morphology Of Blastocystis Isolates

Abstract: Blastocystis sp. is ubiquitous in avian, mammalian and human hosts and propagatesin either neutral or slightly alkaline conditions within the host’s gastro-intestinal tract. Of thefew previous studies on this enteric protozoan parasite

Preliminary Study On Morphological Characteristics Of Cervus Timorensis In Malaysia

Cervus timorensis or locally known as Timor Deer and Java deer is believed to be native to Java and Bali in Indonesia. It has been introduced into other countries for decades, including Malaysia in the year 1990. Cervus timorensis was listed in IUCN Red List as Vulnerable because its total native

Optimisation Of Parentage Verification Methodology Using Microsatellite Markers Through Conventional PCR In Malaysian Cattle

Parentage analysis of livestock animals is becoming increasingly utilized in the agriculture industry for selection of breed to increase production traits. Microsatellite DNA marker are a powerful tool for parentage verification. It contain 1-6bp repeat nucleotide motif and highly polymorphic. Re

The Katjang Goat: Distribution, Characteristics And Conservation Development

Katjang goat is an indigenous breed of goat in Malaysia. It is also known as Kambing Kacang, Kambing Katchang, Kambing Licin and Pea Goat. It also said to be the indigenous goat breed in Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Taiwan and the southwest islands of Japan. This breed also bears resemblance

Preliminary Study On Body Weight Estimation Of Malin Sheep Using Body Measurements

Estimating the live weight for animals using body measurements is practical, faster, easier and cheaper . Different models might be needed to predict body weight in different environmental condition and breeds. Hence, the aim of this study is to determine the best fitted regression model for pred

A SURVEY ON CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY AND HEMATOLOGY CHANGES IN OFFSPRING BORN FROM SEROPOSITIVE BREEDER.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical biochemistry and haematology changes in three experimental offspring which were born from seropositive brucella bull and dams. The clinical biochemistry values were within the normal range except total bilirubin (7.33±0.64, 16.00&plu

SPECIFIC ANTIBODY RESPONSE TOWARDS TWO KILLED ANTIGENS OF MANNHEMIA HAEMOLYTICA TYPE IN HYPERIMMUNESERUM RABBITS.

Objectives of the study were to determine the antibody response following injection two type of antigens of M. haemolytica inoculated into rabbits and to evaluate the performance of an in-house ELISA kit to detect immunoglobulin G (Ig G) against M. haemolytica type A.  Rabb

THE DETERMINATION OF EFFECTIVENESS OF APPLYING EFFECTIVE MICROORGANISM IN CONTROLLING AMMONIA AND HYDROGEN SULPHIDE FROM POULTRY MANURE

Poultry layer houses are mostly open house system that generally faced with flies and odour and has become nuisance factors to society and the environment. Commonly reported compounds associated with livestock waste include ammonia (a sharp pungent odour) and hydrogen sulfide (a rotten egg odour)

SURVEY OF PATHOGENS FROM WILD RATS IN KINTA AND KLANG VALLEY, MALAYSIA

VRI was conducted a survey of 18 wild rats caught in Ipoh area (Rattus spp) and 80 wild rats from Kuala Lumpur area. The rats were post mortem and samples of skin, intestines, blood, urine and organs were examined for parasites, viruses and bacteria. Results from Ipoh rats indicated that

SEROCONVERSION OF BRUCELLOSIS IN CALVES FROM SEROPOSITIVE DAMS

The aim of this study was to determine the seroconversion of calves from seropositive dams and to indicate the bacterial isolation of Brucella abortus from samples collected. There were two out of five calves indicating a reactor to B.abortus using CFT. Rate of seroconversion in

KAWALAN PENCEMARAN BAU DI LADANG TERNAKAN AYAM KOMERSIAL

Industri penternakan ayam merupakan satu industri yang penting kepada negara. Berbicara sahaja tentang perusahaan menternak ayam, terbayang di minda cara ternakan kuno atau bersifat tradisional dengan keadaan persekitaran yang berbau busuk, hanyir, kotor dan dipenuhi lalat. Sesuai dengan peredara

SEROPREVALENCE STUDY OF CASEOUSE LYMPHADENITIS IN MALAYSIA USING INDIRECT ELISA TECHNIQUE.

Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) has been a prevalent disease among farmed small ruminants in the majority of goat-rearing countries for over a century. A total of 446 goat sera were randomly selected from 20 farms from 10 different states of Malaysia. All serum samples were tested by Indirect ELISA t

THE GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND NUTRITIVE VALUES OF SIX TYPES OF NAPIER AT DIFFERENT CUTTING AGE

Forages continue to represent the single most important feed resource for livestock in developed and developing countries. Selecting forage species for cultivation must take into consideration the yield, digestibility and nutrient composition (1). Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) &nbs

NIPAH STATUS IN MALAYSIA FROM 2001 - 2013: TEST BY ELISA IN LOCAL ANIMALS

Nipah virus was first detected in Malaysia in 1999. As a result of severe infections in pigs and humans, a national surveillance programme was implemented to test pig farms as well screening of other domestic and wild animals. To date VRI has tested more than 30,000 sera samples using the ELISA t

THE EFFECTS OF ADDING ZEOLITE IN THE SOIL ON YIELD AND NUTRITIVE VALUE OF NAPIER GRASS (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Taiwan)

Zeolite can be potential as soil amendment for retaining soil ammnonium and potassium from being leached into the ground. This is a contributing factor to the high yield and quality nutrient content of the fodder. The effect of zeolite on the quality and productivity of Napier Grass (Penniset

MELIOIDOSIS IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SPECIES DIAGNOSED IN THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE FROM 2007 TO 2011.

Melioidosis is a serious infection caused by the gram-negative bacillus and biothreat organism, Burkholderia pseudomallei which affects a wide range of animal species. Antibody detection against melioidosis from 4,746 cases of cattle, sheep, goats, buffaloes, rabbits, horses, deer, dogs

DEVELOPMENT OF BRUCELLA MELITENSIS ELISA KIT-COMPARISON BETWEEN IN-HOUSE ELISA AND COMPLIMENT FIXATION TEST FOR THE DIAGNOSIS OF B.MELITENSIS IN SMALL RUMINANTS (2012)

An Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) for Brucellosis in sheep and goats was developed by using local isolates as antigen to optimize the sample testing. The in-house ELISA was compared with complement fixation Test (CFT) which was already established and used widely for screening of bruce

MELIOIDOSIS IN SHEEP AND GOAT: DIAGNOSTIC CASES IN THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE FROM 2009 TO 2010.

Melioidosis is predominantly a disease of tropical climate especially in South East Asia and Northern Australia where it is endemic. Melioidosis was diagnosed routinely at the Serology Unit in the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Ipoh, Malaysia by using Complement Fixation Test. In 2009, a to

SEROPREVALANCE OF EQUINE VIRAL ARTERITIS VIRUS IN IMPORTED HORSES FROM SELECTED QUARANTINE STATIONS IN MALAYSIA (2011)

An Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA), which is a respiratory and reproductive disease, in horses was conducted on a total of 264 samples collected from KLIA and Batu Maung, Penang quarantine ports. Positive antibodies against EVA were found in 8.71% of the

ELISA- A DIAGNOSTIC TOOL FOR MONITORING OF NIPAH VIRUS IN PIGS, DOGS, CATS AND HORSE IN THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE (VRI), IPOH, MALAYSIA (2011)

The outbreak of Nipah viral encephalitis in 1999 caused fatalities in both human and pigs. The outbreak caused mass culling of nearly one ,million pigs to controlthe outbreak. A national surveillance program was scheduled by the Department OF Veterinary Services (DVS) to screen all pigs farms in

GENETICALLY ENGINEERED LIVE ATTENUATED BACTERIAL VACCINES (LOCAL ISOLATES) OF BRUCELLA MELITENSIS IN SHEEP AND GOAT: CONSTRUCTION / INACTIVATION OF AROC GENE FROM BRUCELLA MELITENSIS (2010)

Brucella melitensis infection causes considerable economic losses to the small ruminant industry. AroC gene has the fuction for choristmate synthesis (aromatic compound synthesis). Mutation of these genes will lead to impairement of growth and serious metabolic problems in bacte

DIAGNOSIS OF LEPTOSPIROSIS, BRUCELLOSIS & MELIOIDOSIS DISEASES IN HUMAN CONDUCTED IN VRI.

The Veterinary Research Institute provides diagnostic services for diseases such as Leptospirosis (caused by Leptospira sp.), Melioidosis (caused by Burkhorlderia pseudomallei) and Brucellosis (Brucella abortus) in humans as requested by the Health Department, Malaysia.

EFFICACY OF ANTHELMINTIC TREATMENT TO CONTROL HELMINTHIASIS IN SHEEP OF VETERINARY INSTITUTE

Nematode resistant to anthelmintics are of increasing concern to sheep farms in Malaysia. Thus to  certain the degree of anthelmintics in the sheep population, faecal egg count reduction (FECR) trials were conducted on sheep in Veterinary Institute. 60 wean sheep were selected and divided in

HISTOLOGICAL FINDINGS OF SARCOSPORIDIOSIS IN MEAT OF MALAYSIAN WILDLIFE FAUNA.

Sarcosporidiosis or sarcocystosis is the disease caused by the zoonotic parasite Sarcocystis spp. In Malaysia it has been reported in domestic and wild animals, including domestic and field rats, moonrats, bandicoots, slow loris, buffalo, monkey and human. In the zoono

PREVALENCE OF SARCOCYSTOSIS IN LARGE RUMINANT IN PERAK

The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of sarcocystosis in large ruminant slaughtered in abattoir in the state of Perak, Malaysia. The fresh oesophagus and heart muscle samples from cattle and buffaloes slaughtered in abattoir were examined macroscopically to look

SARCOSPORIDIOSIS IN KEDAH-KELANTAN CROSSBRED CATTLE IN PERAK, MALAYSIA BY HISTOLOGICAL EXAMINATION AND DIGESTION TECHNIQUES

Sarcosporidiosis is the disease caused by the zoonotic intracellular protozoa namely Sarcocystis spp. with an obligatory two-host life cycle. The affected animals are mostly asymptomatic and the parasite is discovered only at slaughter. The aim of this study is to detect the presence of

ZOONOTIC PARASITES FROM EXOTIC MEAT IN MALAYSIA

Four zoonotic parasites, Sarcocystis spp., Toxoplasma spp., Trichinella spp. and Taenia spp were screened in exotic meats. A total of fifty (n=50) meat samples from various species of exotic animals were received from all states in Malaysia commencing from Janu

BRUCELLOSIS AND LEPTOSPIROSIS IN CATTLE FROM ABATTOIRS IN PERAK

A study to identify the disease status of cattle in four abattoirs in Perak was carried out. Specimens of nasal and vaginal swabs, condemned organs with lesions, blood, urine, ticks and worms were collected from 53 cattle during the survey period. A total of 9 animals were serologically positive

SCREENING OF BOVINE TUBERCULOSIS IN LARGE RUMINANTS SLAUGHTERED IN ABATTOIRS IN PERAK

Bovine tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic disease of animal caused by slow-growing acid-fast bacilli namely Mycobacterium bovis. The infection can occur through direct contact with an abrasion or by inhalation of contaminated air. The aim of this study is to determine the status of Bovine tu

PREVALENCE OF SALMONELLOSIS IN KEDAH-KELANTAN CROSSBRED CATTLE IN PERAK

Salmonellosis is a worldwide disease cause by gram-negative bacteria namely Salmonella spp. The disease is considered as one of the food-borne zoonosis of public health importance. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of

FASCIOLIASIS IN DOMESTIC LARGE RUMINANTS IN PERAK, MALAYSIA

Fascioliasis or liver fluke infestation is considered as one of the most important parasitic diseases affecting domestic large ruminants. Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica were known as the common causative agents that require fresh water snails, Lymnaea spp. as

MODIFIED DIGESTION TECHNIQUE FOR DETECTION OF SARCOCYSTIS BRADYZOITES.

Sarcocystis spp. is a zoonotic intracellular protozoan parasite with an obligatory two-host life cycle causing a disease namely sarcosporidiosis or sarcocystosis (Fazly Ann et al. 2013). According to Hamidinejat et al. (2010) the gold standard in detec

SCREENING OF SARCOCYSTIS IN FROZEN MEAT SUPPLIED TO TIOMAN ISLAND, MALAYSIA.

Sarcocystis is a disease cause by an intracellular protozoan parasite namely Sarcocystis spp. The disease was seen as a potential emerging food-borne zoonosis. In Malaysia, there were no reported cases published in screening and detection of sarcocystis in frozen meat and meat product. T

ZOONOSES AT ABATOIRS IN PERAK

A study to identify the disease status of cattle in four abattoirs in Perak was carried out. Specimens of nasal and vaginal swabs, condemned organs with lesions, blood and urine were collected from 75 cattle during the survey period. A total of 6 animals were serologically positive for Brucellosi

SCREENING OF SARCOCYSTIS SPP. BRADYZOITES FROM COMMERCIAL IMPORTED MEAT IN IPOH, MALAYSIA

Recently, one of the re-emerging parasitic zoonoses in food (meat) is Sarcocystis spp. An initiative was made to determine the status of sarcocystis in frozen meat sold in hypermarket & supermarkets in Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia. Results show 16 out of 30 (53.3%) imported frozen meat samp

PREVALENCE OF PIG SARCOCYSTIS SPP. AT ABATTOIRS IN PERAK.

The aim of this study is to determine the status of pig sarcocystosis in Perak, Malaysia. Sarcocystosis is the disease caused by the intracellular protozoan parasites namely Sarcocystis spp. In pig, few Sarcocystis spp. have been diagnosed such as S. medusiformis

THE PREVALENCE OF PARASITIC INFESTATION OF SMALL RUMINANT FARMS IN PERAK, MALAYSIA.

Helminthiasis due to strongyles such as Haemonchus contortus, coccidiosis caused by Eimeria sp. and blood parasite diseases such as theileriosis by Theileria sp. have been reported to cause severe morbidity and mortality annually in small ruminants in Malaysia. The aims of this

SCREENING OF ZOONOTIC FASCIOLIASIS OF SLAUGHTERED LARGE RUMINANTS IN ABATTOIR IN PERAK, MALAYSIA

Fascioliasis, or trematode infestation, is an important disease caused by Fasciola hepatica and Fasciola gigantica. Both species are hepatic parasites that affect humans. We have examined the zoonotic aspects of fascioliasis. A total of 80 fresh liver samples were collected from

DETECTION OF SARCOCYSTIS spp IN WILD RAT BY HISTOPATHOLOGY

In Malaysia, Sarcocystis spp have been reported from many domestic and wild animals, including domestic and wild rats, moonrats, bandicoots, slow loris, buffalo, monkeys and man. Sarcocystis is a genus of cyst-forming coccidian parasites with obligatory two-host life cycles invo

A SURVEY OF ZOONOTIC PATHOGENS IN STRAY DOG IN IPOH

29 stray dogs in Ipoh were surveyed for zoonotic pathogens.There is many disease agents that can cause disease in multiple species of animals including humans. Dogs are reservoirs, carriers, and transmitters of several zoonotic  disease that are considered serious problems for humans. This s

DETECTION OF SARCOCYSTIS IN RUMINANTS BY HISTOPATHOLOGY

The parasites of genus Sarcocystis are among the most commonly found parasites in domestic ruminants and some species of Sarcocystis can bring significant economic loss when causing clinical and subclinical disease. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Sarcocystis histological

AEROMONAS HYDROPHILA INFECTION IN TUNTUNG(RIVER TERRAPIN) – A CASE STUDY

Specimens of river terrapin (Batagurbaska) and painted terrapin (Callagurborneonsis) turtles from Wildlife Conservation which died during captive rearing were subjected to complete necropsy. They inhabit estuaries and tidal reaches of medium to large rivers throughout Southeast

SURVEILLANCE OF RABIES BY THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE (VRI) FROM 2006-2010

Rabies is one of the most feared zoonotic diseases in the world. All warm-blooded animals are susceptible to infection by the virus. It is a fatal viral encephalitis and results from infection with viruses belonging to the genusLyssavirus. Animal Rabies Surveillance Programme in Malaysia

DIAGNOSIS OF BRUCELLOSIS AND LEPTOSPIROSIS IN RUMINANTS BY THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE, IPOH

Brucellosis and leptospirosis are two important zoonotic diseases in ruminants which lead to abortion and cause  high economic losses. The data on routine samples submitted from all over Malaysia, for diagnosis in the Veterinary Research Institute in 2009, was analysed to evaluate the curren

ESTIMATION OF SERUM BIOCHEMISTRY REFERENCE VALUES FOR SWISS ALBINO MICE BRED IN VRI

In an attempt to standardise the determination of biological reference values, the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry (IFCC) has published a series of recommendations on developing reference interval. Serum biochemistry reference values were determined for 30 clinically healthy Swiss

SEROPREVALENCE OF BOVINE BRUCELLOSIS FROM 2009 TO 2011

Bovine Brucellosis is cause by Brucella sp. affecting cattle all over the world.  This study was conducted study the trend of Brucellosis from 2009 to 2011 based on the serological data obtained from diagnostic cases in the Veterinary Research Institute. All samples were tested using complem

STATUS OF BRUCELLOSIS AND MELIOIDOSIS IN SMALL RUMINANT FARMS FROM DIFFERENT DISTRICT OF PERAK

Caprine Brucellosis and Melioidosis are caused by Brucella melitensis and Bukholderia pseudomallei respectively. In this study, 5 farms from different district of Perak were selected. Twenty five animals were sampled from each farm. Sampling was done by collecting blood through the jugular vein u

A CASE STUDY OF TRANSPORTATION STRESS IN A PIG

A female pig imported via air was found dead during transportation. Routine postmortem was conducted and laboratory diagnoses was performed. Postmortem findings revealed that the animal was undergone injury and stress during travelling period as well as worsened by E. coli infection in all organs

A MULTISYSTEMIC INFECTION IN A GERMAN SHEPHERD DOG

A three year old German Shepherd dog was presented for necropsy with the history that the dog vomited undigested meat prior to death. Owner suspected the dog had been poisoned by a neighboring factory owner. The dog was reported to be bright and alert before the incidence. External inspection of

PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA SEPTICAEMIA AND MULTIPARASITIC INFESTATION IN A BURMESE PYTHON

A Burmese python (Python bivittatus) was found dead in a petting zoo with no clinical signs and abnormalities observed prior to death. The carcass of the python was submitted to the Veterinary Research institute (VRI) for necropsy. External examination of the carcass revealed distortion of right

PENTASTOMID (ARMILLIFER MONILIFORMIS) INFECTION IN MALAYSIA N BLOOD PYTHON (PYTHON CURTUS)

Carcasses of the Malaysian blood python (Python curtus) was postmortemed in the Veterinary Research Institute, Ipoh.Three worms belonging to the genus Armillifer sp. (larval stage) was identified based on morphological examination. This pentostomid worm has zoonotic implications

MALIGNANT CATARRHAL FEVER (MCF) IN BALI CATTLE (BOS JAVANICUS) IN A COMMERCIAL FARM IN MALAYSIA.

Malignant Catarrhal Fever (MCF) is a highly fatal disease of cattle and other ruminants with worldwide distribution. There are two forms of the disease, first is caused by Alcephine herpesvirus-1 (AHV-1) and is derived from wildebeest. There other form of the disease is associated with sheep and

THE INFLUENCE OF PMSG LEVEL ON ESTRUS SYNCHRONISATION AND CONCEPTION RATE IN JAMNAPARI-SAANEN GOAT CROSSBREEDING PROGRAM

ABSTRACT The study investigates influence of Pregnant Mare Serum Gonadotropin (PMSG) level on estrus synchronisation and conception rate in Jamnapari goats. Twenty-six fertile does were randomly divided into two treatments (T1, n=13 and T2, n=13), Estrus was synchronised

LEPTOSPIRA SEROVARS DETECTED IN ANIMALS AND VETERINARY STAFF.

A total of 8854 serum samples from various animal species and humans were tested using microscopic agglutination test (MAT) to determine the frequency of the important leptospiral serovar involved in animals and humans.  The sera were screened against 14 serovars of pathogenic Leptospira

The effects of magnetic separation on cryopreserved bovine spermatozoa motility, viability and cryo-capacitation status

Summary Cryopreservation is a technique used to preserve cells for long-time storage. It is widely used in agriculture to store male gametes in liquid nitrogen. The aim of this study was to determine the optimum thawing temperature and time for

A CASE OF PENTASTOMESCYSTS IN GREEN BURMESE PYTHON (PYTHON MOLURUS BIVITTATUS).

This work presents a case of sudden death of Green Burmese Python (Python Molurus Bivittatus) which belong to one of the recreational parks in Malaysia. The specimen was necropsied which   revealed few whitish cysts in the distal part of the right lungs measuring 2-4 m

AN OUTBREAK OF PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA IN VACCINATED DUCKS.

High mortality in 2 flocks of ducks aged 22 days and 46 days respectively were reported in a commercial duck farm. Upon necropsy, white yellowish mucous was found in the nasal cavities. Lungs were edematous, had undergone necrosis, hemorrhagic and hardened. There were spots of hemorrhages on the

Prediction of Body Weight using Heart Girth Measurement in Matured Indigenous Kedah-Kelantan Cattle

The study was conducted using linear and multiple linear regression model that were used to estimate body weight using various body measurements. It can be concluded that LBM is important in determining the BW of cattle and are suitable to be implemented in the prediction of body weight for 62 ma

BRUCELLOSIS DIAGNOSED IN HUMAN AT THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE FROM 2001 TO 2010.

Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease which were diagnosed routinely at Serology Unit in the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Ipoh, Malaysia.  As a routine procedure for detection of  Human Brucellosis, either all three test or only one of the test were performed on each sample which ar

Body Weight and Body Measurements in Santa Inês Crossbred Sheep

The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship of body weight with different body  measurements in Santa Inês Crossbred Sheep. The data from a total of 399 animals, males and non-pregnant females, one to 48 months of age from the Sheep Unit, Institut Vete

The effects of different doses and patterns of administration of ovine FSH on superovulatory response and embryo recovery in Malaysian goats

INTRODUCTION   Large variations in superovulatory responses continue to be a major obstacle to the routine production of embryos from goats and other farm animals by superovulatory methods on a large scale (Cognie, 1999). A major reason for this variability i

Ovarian responses after superovulation with different dosages of oFSH in goats

Abstract   A total of 35 crossbred goats (Capra hircus) were used to evaluate the effect of oFSH dosages on ovarian responses during superovulation.  A controlled internal drug release (CIDR) was inserted for 14 days in e

Effect of superovulation on ovarian response and subsquent embryo transfer in goats.

Abstract This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of oFSH dosages on ovarian responses during superovulation treatment. A total of 35 mature crossbred goats were synchronised for oestrus with CIDR devices for a period of 13 days. The does were divided into 3 group

FATTY ACID COMPOSITION AND CHOLESTEROL CONTENT OF F1 DORPER CROSSBRED SHEEP

Interest in the study of fatty acids, particularly the total quantity of saturated and unsaturated fatty acid in muscle, is mainly to understand their role in affecting human health. A previous study suggested that a decrease in saturated fatty acid (SFA) level and a concomitant increase in the m

GROWTH CURVE AND AVERAGE DAILY GAIN OF F1 DORPER CROSSBRED LAMBS

The objective of present study was to evaluate the birth weight, growth curve and average daily gain (ADG) of F1 (Dorper x Malaysian Blackbelly) raised under an intensive production system in Sheep Breeding Unit, Veterinary Institute of Malaysia. The data used in this study were recorded from F1

Body Weight and Body Measurements in Santa Inês Crossbred Sheep

The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship of body weight with different body  measurements in Santa Inês Crossbred Sheep. The data from a total of 399 animals, males and non-pregnant females, one to 48 months of age from the Sheep Unit, Insti

Ovarian responses after superovulation with different dosages of oFSH in goats

Abstract   A total of 35 crossbred goats (Capra hircus) were used to evaluate the effect of oFSH dosages on ovarian responses during superovulation.  A controlled internal drug release (CIDR) was inse

Status of beef industry of Malaysia

Abstract   Within the livestock sector in Malaysia the beef sub-sector lags in percentage contribution to domestic supply of red meat. Many attempts in beef production in the past, from extensive ranching to intensive feedlotting, have yielde

IN-VITRO STUDIES ON THE ANTIVIRAL EFFECT OF THE ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA AGAINST NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS.

Andrographis paniculata ethanolic extract (APE) was evaluated for its in vitro antiviral activity against Newcastle disease virus (NDV). The in vitro antiviral activity assay was performed by incubation of NDV (100 EID50/ 0.1 ml) with three different concentr

THE EFFECT OF TIME AND STORAGE TEMPERATURE ON THE STABILITY OF IBD VACCINE.

Vaccine stability study was required to establish the validity of expiry date of the vaccine produced. The study included physical observation and determination of virus potency titre against period of storage time. Observation was done on the IBD vaccine start immediately after freeze dried up t

STABILITY STUDY OF INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE VACCINE 9050/93 STRAIN IN FOUR DIFFERENT TYPES OF DILUENTS.

Virus titre test using specific pathogen free (SPF) embryonated eggs was employed to determine the stability of the reconstituted form of infectious bursal disease (IBD) vaccine 9050/93 strain in 0.35% skim milk in PBS (SM+PBS), phosphate buffered saline (PBS), 0.35% skim milk in mineral water (S

EFFECT OF LONG TERM STORAGE AT 4°C ON THE STABILITY OF INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE VACCINE 9050/93 STRAIN – A 3 YEARS STUDY.

Vaccine stability tests were required to establish the validity of the vaccine produced. The test included determination of virus titer against period of storage time. Virus titre test using specific pathogen free (SPF) embryonated eggs was employed to determine the stability of the reconstituted

CYTOTOXICITY ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF A. PANICULATA AGAINST VERO AND CHICKEN EMBRYO FIBROBLAST CELLS.

Ethanolic extract of Andrographis paniculata (APE) were evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxicity activity against Vero cell line and chicken embryo fibroblast (CEF) primary cell. The in vitro cytotoxicity activity was measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT)

STUDY ON THE STABILITY OF INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE VACCINE 9050/93 STRAIN IN TWO DIFFERENT TYPE OF DILUENTS.

Virus titer test using specific pathogen free (SPF) embryonated eggs was employed to determine the stability of the reconstituted form of infectious bursal disease (IBD) vaccine 9050/93 strain in skim milk and phosphate buffered saline (PBS) exposed at 32°C for 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 hours. Total o

EVALUATION OF SAFETY OF MALAYSIAN ISOLATE INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE VIRUS STRAIN 9050/93 AS LIVE ATTENUATED VACCINE IN SPF CHICKENS.

Infectious bursal disease (IBD) is a common disease of worldwide importance and considered as a threat to the poultry industry. IBD virus (IBDV) destroys B-lymphocytes in the bursa of Fabricius in young chickens, causing both immunosuppression and mortality. Strategies to control IBD were largely

EVALUATION OF IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE EFFECT OF LIVE ATTENUATED INTERMEDIATE INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE VACCINE.

In this study the immunosuppressive effects of an “intermediate” strain of live attenuated IBD vaccine 9050/93 strain was evaluated by the antibody responses to Newcastle Disease (ND) F strain vaccination. Haemagglutination inhibition (HI) and agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) tests wer

EFFICACY OF LIVE ATTENUATED INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE VIRUS VACCINE USING LOCAL ISOLATE IN SPF CHICKEN.

A study was conducted to determine the efficacy of an attenuated live strain IBD vaccine Malaysian isolate via drinking water route or oral route in SPF chickens. Results showed that both routes of vaccination were able to induce protective immunity and gave 100% protection against pathogenic fie

DIVERSITY OF SALMONELLA SEROVAR IDENTIFIED FROM REPTILES AND AMPHIBIANS SUBMITTED TO THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE (VRI) FOR DIAGNOSIS

This study reports the Salmonella serovars isolated from reptiles and amphibians samples submitted to the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) for diagnosis. Bacteria isolation was performed and Salmonella spp. was identified through a series of biochemical tests and further serotyped using specif

DETECTION OF VIRULENCE GENES IN CLASSIFICATION OF ESCHERICHIA COLI ISOLATED FROM PIG VISCERAL ORGANS BY MULTIPLEX PCR

The aim of this study was to detect the six virulence genes to determine the pathogenicity and classification of Escherichia coli isolated from pig visceral organ by using multiplex PCR method. Visceral organ samples (n=46) were collected from two government abattoirs in the state of Perak. Esche

PREVALENCE OF PASTEURELLOSIS FROM VARIOUS ANIMALS SPECIES DIAGNOSED IN VRI FROM YEAR 2009 TO 2013

Pasteurella sp. is natural inhibitants of the upper respiratory tract of healthy animals. Infection with this agent can cause pneumonic pasteurellosis in animals and may also cause secondary pulmonary infection in immunecompromised animals due to many factors such as stress and poor farm manageme

OCCURENCE OF METHICILIN RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS (MRSA) IN ANIMAL SPECIMENS

Methicilin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important human pathogen that is also becomes an emerging concern in veterinary medicine and animal agriculture. It is known to be one of the most prevalent nosocomial pathogens throughout the world and capable of causing of skin and invasiv

DIVERSITY OF SALMONELLA SEROTYPES ISOLATED FROM RUMINANT SAMPLES RECEIVED IN VRI YEAR 2007 TO 2013

This paper reports on the diversity of Salmonella serotypes isolated from clinical cases from ruminant samples received in VRI for year 2007 until 2013. The serotyping of the Salmonella isolates were identified using the White-Kauffmann-Le Minor scheme comprising a battery of commercial somatic a

ANTIMICROBIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY OF ESCHERICHIA COLI FROM POULTRY IN VRI FOR YEAR 2013

This report gives an insight on the antimicrobial susceptibility of Escherichia coli from poultry samples submitted to Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) for year 2013. A total of 26 Escherichia coli isolated from poultry samples were tested for resistance against 11 different antimicrobial agen

ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE OF SALMONELLA ENTERICA SEROVAR TYPHIMURIUM FROM MEAT ORIGIN RECEIVED IN VRI.

The antimicrobial drug resistance pattern of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium of meat origin received in Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) was evaluated for the period of 2009 to 2012. A total of 64 strains of Salmonella Typhimurium were isolated from meat samples, where 32 strains (50%)

A CLINICAL CASE OF RHODOCOCCUS EQUI (R. EQUI) FROM A BREEDING FARM IN MALAYSIA

Rhodococcus equi is known worldwide as a cause of foal pneumonia. It was isolated from a 3- month old foal in a breeding farm in Malaysia. The infected foal showed clinical signs of coughing and high fever. Post mortem findings showed abscesses in the lungs. The lung and lung abscess received by

SALMONELLA SEROTYPES ISOLATED FROM LIVESTOCK SPECIMENS SUBMITTED IIN VRI FROM YEAR 2008 TO 2012

This paper reports the distribution of Salmonella serotypes isolated from livestock specimens submitted to the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) for diagnosis. A total of 218 Salmonella were isolated by the Mammalian Bacteriology Section of VRI from animal specimens between the years of 2008 to

ISOLATION OF RIEMERELLA ANATIPESTIFER FROM AN OUTBREAK IN A COMMERCIAL DUCK LAYER FARM

An investigation was carried out on a duck layer farm following complaints of morbidity and mortality of young layer ducks (new batch). Ducks of Khaki Campbell cross with Thailand breed were reared for the salted egg industry. The livestock’s population comprised of 2,387 layer ducks (900 o

IMPROVED DETECTION OF BRUCELLA MELITENSIS IN MILK BY POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION

Brucellosis is a highly contagious zoonotic disease worldwide. Infection in animals usually cause reproductive problems while in human the infection leads to an intermittent fever commonly known as undulant fever. Diagnosis of the disease by conventional bacteriological culture based on isolation

ANTIMICROBIAL SUSCEPTIBILITY OF SALMONELLA ENTERICA SEROVAR TYPHIMURIUM FROM POULTRY MEAT SAMPLES SUBMITTED TO VRI FROM YEAR 2011 TO 2012

This report is on the antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium from poultry meat samples submitted to Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) from year 2011 to 2012. A total of 12 Salmonella typhimurium isolated from poultry meat samples in year 2011 and 20 isolates in

ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE IN STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS ISOLATED FROM ANIMAL SPECIMENS

Staphylococcus aureus is an important opportunistic pathogen in various species. It has been a leading cause of both skin and invasive infections in humans and animals. The aim of this study was to determine the antibiotic resistance of Staphylococcus aureus from animal specimens submitted to VRI

REPORT ON FUNGUS SPECIES ISOLATED FROM CHICKEN SAMPLES SUBMITTED TO VRI IN YEAR 2005 – 2011

This report is on the isolation and identification of fungal species from chicken specimens submitted to Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) from year 2005 to 2011. A total of 127 specimens were received from the Veterinary Public Health Laboratory and Regional Veterinary Laboratories, Malaysia.

ISOLATION OF BRUCELLA MELITENSIS FROM FRESH GOAT MILK

Brucellosis in animals is an infectious disease caused by Brucella species. Human brucellosis is mainly caused by Brucella melitensis and the main source of infection are through consumption of unpasteurized dairy products. This paper reported the isolation of Brucella melitensis from fresh goat

DIAGNOSIS OF LEPTOSPIROS IS IN ANIMAL SAMPLES SUBMITTED TO VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE IN 2011

This paper reported the detection of Leptospira spp. from various clinical samples submitted to Veterinary Research Institute by using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) as the diagnostic tool. A total of 72 cases consisting of 194 samples were received for leptospirosis diagnosis from January to De

BACTERIOLOGICAL QUALITY AND SAFET Y OF RAW MILK IN PERAK

This report was carried out based on milk samples sent by milk collecting centres (MCC) to VRI for total plate count (TPC). The aim of the study was to investigate the bacteriological quality and safety of locally produced raw milk. Milk samples were collected by MCC from 4 areas, namely Sg Siput

A SURVEY OF COMMON BACTERIA FROM NASOPHARYNGEAL TRACT OF SMALL RUMINANTS IN PERAK

Sheep and goats are the second most important group of ruminants in both temperate and tropical agriculture. They serve a variety of functions, which vary in importance according to the area involved. Goats are important in the livestock economy by their adaptability to adverse environmental cond

SURVEILLANCE OF STRANGLES IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA (2010)

Strangles is an extremely contagious bacterial infection specific to equine species (horses, mules and zebras). A nationwide screening of horses was carried out following an isolation of Streptococcus equi subsp. equi (S. equi) from a horse. All horses were monitored for respiratory signs, nasal

CASES OF E. COLI INFECTION SUBMITTED TO VRI IN 2009

A total of 140 cases were positive for E.coli isolation from various animal species. The highest samples isolated were organs (81%) while goat was the most common animal with E.coli infection (61%). Untypable E.coli was the common serotype isolated (91%) and highly suggestive to play a role in th

ANTIMICROBIAL DRUG RESISTANCE OF SALMONELLA TYPHIMURIUM ISOLATES FROM MEAT SAMPLES SUBMITTED TO VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE IN 2009

This study reports the antimicrobial drug resistance pattern of Salmonella Typhimurium from various meat samples submitted for diagnosis to the Veterinary Research Institute. A total of 32 Salmonella Typhimurium isolated from various meat samples from January to December 2009 were tested

THE PREVALENCE OF AVIAN PATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI (APEC) IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

Avian colibacillosis is considered a major bacterial disease in the poultry industry world-wide and is also one of the most common avian diseases  that is communicable to humans.  A prevalence study on APEC was carried  out in Peninsular Malaysia by Veterinary Research Institute&nb

IDENTIFICATION OF SALMONELLA SEROTYPES ISOLATED FROM MEAT SAMPLES IN MALAYSIA

This  study  reports  the identification  of Salmonella  serotypes  in meat samples submitted to the Veterinary Research  Institute  (VRI)  for  diagnosis. A  total  of  425 Salmonella  isolates  were received from the Vet

THE USE OF GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR COMPREHENSIVE LAND MAPPING OF LIVESTOCK FARM USAGE: THE KAPRIMA FARM, TERENGGANU DARUL IMAN

The Department of Veterinary Services, Terengganu is currently in the process of redeveloping the Kaprima Farm. A total of eight Kaprima Farms are in the offering process to successful entrepreneurs. However, there are limitations in determining the specific area to mark the offering area, to ind

CURRENT STATUS OF FASCIOLIASIS IN RUMINANTS: CASES DIAGNOSED FROM 2004 TO 2013 IN VRI, IPOH

Fascioliasis is a parasitic disease that infectsmostly cattle and sheep. This infection has a severe impact on the productivity of ruminants as it causes loss of weight and reduces immunity to concurrent diseases. Faecal samples are regularly sent to VRI for the diagnosis of fascioliasis caused b

REVIEW ON THE DISTRIBUTION OF TRYPANOSOMA EVANSI INFECTION IN MALAYSIA

Trypanosoma evansi is a protozoan parasite which infects livestock in Malaysia. The study produces an initial report of trypanosome in Peninsular Malaysia; with the focus on the Perak state due to the high number of T.evansi cases were reported. The study was conducted by integrating geographical

SPATIAL MAPPING OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE INCIDENCE: A CASE STUDY IN MALAYSIA FOR 2010 – 2012

This study examines the use of Geographical Information System (GIS) and describes the distribution of location of the positive Newcastle Disease (ND) for 3 years duration in Malaysia from 2010 to 2012 as reported in the Veterinary Research Institute, Ipoh, Perak. ND cases peaked in 2011 with 97

GEOMAPPING OF BRUCELLOSIS CASES IN MALAYSIA FOR 2002-2011

This study examines the use of Geographical Information System (GIS) and describes the distribution of location-confirmed Brucellosis for 10 years from 2002 to 2011 season in Malaysia as reported in Veterinary Research Institute, Ipoh, Perak. The brucellosis postitive cases peaked in 2007 which h

SPATIAL ANALYSIS AND SOURCE PROFI LING OF BETA-AGONISTS AND SULFONAMIDES IN LANGAT RIVER BASIN, MALAYSIA

Beta-agonists and sulfonamides are widely used for treating both humans and livestock for bronchial and cardiacproblems, infectious disease and even as growth promoters. There are concerns about their potential environmentalimpacts, such as producing drug resistance in bacteria. This study focuse

COMMON LIVESTOCK DISEASES DIAGNOSED IN VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE (VRI) FROM 2006-2010

Animal diseases are diagnosed routinely in the Veterinary Research Institute.  The information obtained each year as a result of almost 400,000 samples tested for various diseases from zoonotic to exotic diseases highlights the importance of rapid and efficient diagnostic services for the co

ISOLATION OF MYCOPLASMA SPECIES FROM VARIOUS ANIMAL HOSTS IN MALAYSIA

This paper reports on the isolation of Mycoplasma sp from various animal host in Malaysia from 2006 to 2009. Samples received for Mycoplasma isolation were submitted to Avian Bacteriology, Veterinary Research Institute, Ipoh. The samples were cultured onto Pleuropneumonia Like Organism (PPLO) aga

ESTABLISHMENT OF REVERSE GENETIC SYSTEM TO GENERATE A BIVALENT AVIAN INFLUENZA AND NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS VACCINE

•             Newcastle disease is endemic in Malaysia and is caused by virulent Newcastle disease viruses (NDV), and they have significance similar to AIV for the poultry industry. •      

ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF AVIAN REOVIRUS FROM ARBOR ACRES PLUS CHICKENS-A CASE REPORT

An Avian reovirus (ARV) which has similarity with the divergent chicken reovirus strain from Hungary was isolated in Malaysia from Arbor Acres Plus broiler chickens. Femurs and swollen hock joints of Arbor Acres Plus broiler chickens with clinical signs of lameness and bilateral or unilateral swo

ANTIVIRAL EFFECT OF NEEM EXTRACT ON NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS

Antiviral effect of crude aqueous extracts of neem leaves and neem bark (Azadirachta indica) belonging to the family Meliaceae was studied. Maximum non-toxic dose and determination of antiviral activity via in vito and in vivo virus inhibition assay was carried out using embryonated SPF chicken e

ANTIVIRAL ACTIVITY OF AQUEOUS NEEM BARK EXTRACT AGAINST HIGHLY PATHOGENIC AVIAN INFLUENZA VIRUS H5N1

Neem plant or Azadirachta indica is famous for its medicinal properties against fungi, parasites, inflammation and virus. In this study, toxicity and antiviral activity of aqueous neem bark extract were tested against Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) virus H5N1. Different concentrations o

GENETIC ANALYSIS OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE (ND) VIRUS FROM IMPORTED PET BIRDS AT QUARANTINE STATION (PENINSULAR MALAYSIA) IN 2011

Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is highly contagious and economically diseases of poultry. The 4 positive NDV strains were isolated from imported birds at Quarantine Station, Peninsular Malaysia in 2011. The amino acids sequence of the Fusion (F) cleavage site reveals that the all the isolates were

FATTY ACID COMPOSITION OF SELECTED OMEGAENRICHED AND OTHER TYPES OF EGG

The interest in functional foods, including egg with healthbenefits are increasing nowadays as consumers aremore concern about healthier diets. These food productsare sold at a higher price with captivating claims to attractthe consumers. Different brands of egg enriched withvitamins, minerals an

MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF FUSION AND HEMAGGLUTININ NEURAMINIDASE GENES OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS ISOLATED FROM PIGEON IN MALAYSIA

Two Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) were isolated from imported pigeons in 2006 and 2011 respectively. This study is to characterise the isolates from imported pigeons and comparable to other NDV isolated in Malaysia. Both isolates were partially sequenced based on complete fusion (F) and hemagglut

SEQUENCE AND PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS ISOLATED IN MALAYSIA FROM RECENT OUTBREAKS IN 2010

Eighteen isolates of Newcastle Disease virus (NDV) were obtained from various locations in Malaysia during 2010 NDV outbreak. The isolates were phylogenetically characterized and sequenced based on partial nucleotide sequencing of the fusion (F) gene. The deduced amino acid sequences were compare

SEQUENCE AND PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS GENOTYPE VII ISOLATED IN MALAYSIA DURING 1999-2012

Here we report the sequence and phylogenetic analysis of Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) that have been circulating in Malaysia. A total of 151 NDV isolates were selected during 1999-2012 throughout Malaysia and were characterized phylogenetically. The partial region of matrix and fusion protein wa

FATTY ACID COMPOSITION AND CHOLESTEROL CONTENT OF F1 DORPER CROSSBRED SHEEP

Interest in the study of fatty acids, particularly the total quantity of saturated and unsaturatedfatty acid in muscle, is mainly to understand their role in affecting human health. A previousstudy suggested that a decrease in saturated fatty acid (SFA) level and a concomitantincrease in the mono

EFFECT ON IMMUNE RESPONSE AND VIRUS SHEDDING IN THE CHICKEN VACCINATED AGAINST INACTIVATED LOCAL STRAIN OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS GENOTYPE VII

The effectiveness of the new inactivated vaccine develop from local velogenic strain of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) Genotype VII and commercial vaccines LaSota were compared by determining the immune response and virus shedding of vaccinated chickens. Ten different groups of chicken consists of

BIOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS GENOTYPE VII IN MALAYSIA- TOWARDS DEVELOPMENT OF LOCAL VACCINE

•             Newcastle Disease (ND) is a highly contagious and fatal viral disease that affects birds (up to 100% mortality) •             Genotype VII 

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT LABORATORY STORAGE CONDITIONS OF ANIMAL FEED SAMPLES ON MYCOTOXIN DETECTION: A CASE STUDY

The mycotoxin test database (2005–2009) of the Veterinary PublicHealth Laboratory (VPHL), Departmentof Veterinary Services, Malaysia (DVS)showed that there was a significantincrease (51%) of overall af latoxinoccurrences in various types of animalfeed samples, especially those formulatedfro

MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE VIRUS FROM AN IMPORTED MEAT SAMPLE

An imported meat product was found to be positive for Newcastle Disease (ND) by both virus isolation and molecular detection.  Analysis of the deduced amino acid sequences of the F protein cleavage site showed that the isolate was virulent with sequence 112RRQKR116 for the C-terminus of the

PRELIMINARY STUDY ON FREE SIALIC ACID CONTENT OF EDIBLE BIRD NEST FROM JOHOR AND KELANTAN

Edible bird's nest (EBN)is made from the saliva of swiftlet fromthe Aerodramus species. It is one of themost widely consumed traditional healthfood by the Chinese community due to itsclaimed medicinal value. EBN containsglycoproteins with abundance of sialic acid(SA). EBN with higher SA content h

PROTEIN CONTENT AND AMINO ACID COMPOSITION OF FARMED EDIBLE BIRD’S NESTS IN MALAYSIA

This study was conducted to determine and compare the protein content and aminoacid composition of farmed edible bird’s nest (EBN) obtained from different parts ofMalaysia. A total of 115 unprocessed EBN samples from 4 regions; East Coast(Kelantan and Terengganu), Northern region (Perak, Ke

MACRO-MINERAL, TRACE ELEMENT AND HEAVY METAL CONCENTRATIONS IN RAW COW MILK FROM THE CENTRAL ZONE OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

Mineral  and trace elements  concentrations  in fresh milk vary according to two kinds of factors, ) those  related  with secretion from the mammary gland, such as the lactation state, animal species and health status, and ii) extrinsic factors, such as season dairy  

DISCRIMINATION OF MALAYSIAN SWIFLET’S NEST AND IT’S POTENTIAL ADULTERANTS USING HANDHELD PORTABLE FTIR SPECTROSCOPIC SYSTEM

Edible bird nest (EBN) is woven from gelatinous strands of Swiftlet’s saliva mixed with minor feathers during their breeding season (1). The Chinese has been enjoying this cuisine for thousands of years back since Tang (618-907 AD) and Sung (960-1279 AD) dynasties. EBN can be sold at very h

CHEMOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF MINERALS, SIALIC ACID AND PROTEIN IN RAW UNCLEAN EDIBLE BIRD NEST FROM PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

There were many studies using chemometric analysis to classify samples according to their geographical origin. This preliminary study was carried outto determine if selected composition in EBN can be used to classify samples according to their geographical origin. Keywords : Chemometric a

PRELIMINARY STUDY ON METHANE PRODUCTION OF BIOGAS FROM DAIRY FARM IN SEMENYIH

Farm-scale digester below ground was operated to study the potential on biogas (methane) production. For this purpose, the anaerobic digestion of dairy farmwaste was performed at optimal condition with average temperature of 28°C and pH ranging from 6.5 to 7.6 in a 50m3 closed digester over t

DEVELOPMENT OF A PCR TECHNIQUE FOR DETECTION OF MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS COMPLEX (MTC) FROM MILK AND ORGANS

A Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) method for the detection of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Complex (MTC) in milk and organs of infected cattle is developed. DNA was extracted from milk and various organs including lymph node, lung, heart, kidney, spleen and liver. All of organs sample was tested by

RAPID AND NON-DESTRUCTIVE SCREENING METHOD FOR PURE MALAYSIAN SWIFTLET’S NEST AND ITS POTENTIAL ADULTERANTS USING HANDHELD FTIR

Edible bird’s nest (EBN) refers to the nest which were produced by several different Swiftlet or Collocalia (Apodidae) species. The EBN is woven from gelatinous strands of its saliva mixed with minor feathers. The Chinese had been consuming these EBN since the Tang (618-907 AD) and Sung (96

ANALYSIS OF AMINO ACID SEQUENCE OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE LOCAL ISOLATES BASED ON HAEMAGGLUTININ–NEURAMINIDASE GENE

There are various methods that can be used to identify virulent Newcastle Disease Virus (NDV) such as ICPI, MDI or F protein which is recognized by OIE. In this study, sequence analysis of Haemagglutinin-Neuraminidase (HN) gene of NDV genomic RNA was conducted to identify virulence of NDV local i

MOLECULAR DETECTION OF NEWCASTLE DISEASE, MAREK’S DISEASE AND AVIAN LEUKOSIS VIRUS FROM VILLAGE CHICKENS - A CASE REPORT

A mixed viral infection of Newcastle Disease (ND), Marek’s Disease (MD) and Avian Leukosis (AL) was reported in village chickens. Analysis of the deduced amino acid sequences of the F protein cleavage site of ND virus showed that the isolate was virulent with sequence 112KRRKR116 for the C-

PREVALENCE OF SALMONELLA IN POULTRY MEAT AND POULTRY BASED PRODUCTS FROM VETERINARY HEALTH MARK (VHM) FOOD PROCESSING PLANTS IN CENTRAL REGION OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA, 2010 - 2012

This study reports the prevalence of Salmonella in poultry meat and poultry based products which were submitted by Department of Veterinary Services (DVS) Meat Inspectors from poultry processing plants situated in Central Region of Peninsular Malaysia to the Veterinary Public Health Laboratory (V

MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF VIRULENT MAREK’S DISEASE FROM VILLAGE CHICKEN

Marek’s Disease (MD) is a lymphoproliferative and neuropathic disease of domestic chickens, caused by a highly contagious cell-associated oncogenic herpesvirus. In this study, the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect MD from suspected sample submitted to Veterinary Research In

SISA MAKANAN SEBAGAI MAKANAN ALTERNATIF TERNAKAN

LATAR BELAKANG   Mengikut kepada keadaan semasa, makanan untuk ternakan poltri khususnya meningkat naik daripada RM 50 kepada hampir RM 100 bagi 50kg dedak jagung. Kos makanan ternakan meliputi 70% daripada kos keseluruhan ya

A CASE REPORT: MOLECULAR DETECTION OF MAREK’S DISEASE (MD) IN THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE, IPOH.

A breeder poultry farm from Perak state reported a case of emaciation and poor body condition in a poultry flock aged between week 20 to week 24. The samples received were pooled organ and carcasses. A diagnosis of Marek’s disease in the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) was made based on

VETERINARY DRUG RESIDUES IN FOOD OF ANIMAL ORIGIN IN MALAYSIA FROM 2010 TO 2012

Analyses of veterinary drugs monitored in foods of animal origin are animportant responsibility of the Veterinary Public Health Laboratory(VPHL), for the National Food Safety and Hygienic MonitoringProgram led by Department of Veterinary Services (DVS). The programwas

GENOMIC ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON OF VERY VIRULENT INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE VIRUS (VVIBDV) AFFECTING MALAYSIAN POULTRY CHICKENS WITH OTHER IBDV STRAINS

Virus-like particles (VLPs) are empty virus particles consisting of typically, the outer virus capsid proteins. They do not contain native viral nucleic acids, hence they are non-infectious and highly immunogenic. Many viruses have been reported to form VLPs when only structural envelope proteins

PENGECAMAN JANTINA BAGI PUYUH IKTA BERUMUR SEHARI (1 DAY DOQ) DI ITU

LATAR BELAKANG   Puyuh IKTA merupakan antara puyuh pedaging yang terkenal di Malaysia. Puyuh IKTA ini mempunyai berat melebihi 280g pada umur 42 hari berbanding baka puyuh yang lain. Namun terdapat satu perkara yang perlu diambil berat bagi menyelesaikan masa

MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION AND PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS OF VIRULENT INFECTIOUS BURSA DISEASE FROM VILLAGE CHICKEN

The characteristics of the pathogenic Infectious Bursa Disease Virus (IBDV) that infects avian species other than commercial chickens are largely unknown. In this study, by using molecular methods, we characterized one IBDV sample 1881/2015, from Malaysian village chicken which is adulterated des

COMPOSITION OF MINERALS AND TRACE ELEMENTS CONTENTS OF RAW UNCLEAN AND RAW CLEAN EDIBLE BIRDNEST (EBN) ANALYZED USING ICP-MS

Edible bird’s nest (EBN) as the most expensive animal product in the world has been reported to contain essential amino acids, sialic acid and minerals beneficialto human health (Kathan and Weeks, 1969; Marcone, 2005; Norhayati et. al., 2010). In tracing the geographical origin of food, the

SEROTYPING OF INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE VIRUS USING TISSUE CULTURE LSCC-BK3 CELL

Isolation and identification of Infectious Bursal Disease virus (IBDV) is not usually attempted for routine diagnostic purposes as the virus may prove difficult to isolate (Lukert P.D. & Saif Y.M. 1997). In practice, laboratory diagnosis of IBD depend upon the detection of specific antibodies

THE EFFECT OF FEEDING MUSHROOM WASTES ON SERUM MACROMINERALS OF GROWING SHEEP

Mushrooms belong to fungal groups that form characteristic fruiting bodies in which spores reside. They not only play an important role in the recycling of plant materials in an ecosystem  but also are  appreciated  as  good  sources  of  food  and  me

REPRODUCTIVE PERFORMANCE OF FRIESIAN CROSSBRED CATTLE ON DVS FARMS

Other than milk production and growth rate, the reproductive performance of dairy cattle in the tropics is of particular importance. Animals with good reproductive performance ensure increased productivity of the herd, better economics of production and in some cases, the sustainability of the da

MOLECULAR DETECTION OF INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE FROM A SAMPLE SUBMITTED TO VRI.

A sample suspected of Infectious Bursal Disease (IBD) was positive by AGPT via virus isolation as well as molecular detection. In molecular detection, RT-PCR was able to amplify 474 bp of the variable regions of VP2 gene from the isolate. Digestion with three restriction enzymes Hinf I, Ssp I and

DETECTION OF EGG DROP SYNDROME VIRUS BY REAL TIME PCR ASSAY

Egg drop syndrome (EDS) is a viral disease of chickens which is characterized by a decrease in egg production accompanied by a reduction in egg quality. Current diagnosis test includes virus isolation, serological test and molecular assay. The purpose of this study was to establish a real time PC

PROGENY TESTING OF DAIRY SIRES ON MALAYSIAN GOVERNMENT FARMS

Good genetic response rates are achieved through the application of animal breeding techniques on dairy herds (Smith, 1988). In the tropics, the evaluation of dairy sires is usually difficult due to the inadequate numbers of daughters per sire and the variable breed composition of dairy cows. In

REAL-TIME PCR (qPCR ) WITH SYBR GREEN I TO DETECT DUCK VIRAL ENTERITIS (DVE)

Duck Virus Enteritis (DVE) is a viral disease which causes an acute contagious herpesvirus infection of waterfowl such as ducks, swans and geese and is a pathogen of economical concern. DVE diagnosis depends on histopathologic studies and serology, which are not effective in the early phase of th

MOLECULAR DETECTION OF AVIAN LEUKOSIS VIRUS BASED ON SUBMITTED SAMPLES

Avian Leukosis Disease Virus (ALV) is identified as cancer-inducting filterable agent in chicken and has great economic importance in the poultry industry. In this study, the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect ALV from samples submitted to Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) in ye

EFFECTIVENESS OF HUMIDIFIER MACHINE AS TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY CONTROLLING METHOD IN SWIFTLET PRODUCTION SYSTEM

Swiftlet farming involves the conversion of human centric building such as shophouses for Swiftlet Production System. The purpose of this conversion is to let Swiftlet for nesting and protect them. However, it is a difficult task to make sure that the farmhouses that had newly been built could at

DEVELOPMENT OF INACTIVATED AIV VACCINE USING H5N2 ISOLATE

The potency and efficacy of an avian influenza (AI) H5N2 inactivated vaccine that was developed at Veterinary Research Institute, Ipoh was tested. The percentage sequence identity of the HA gene of the H5N2 vaccine virus to the challenge virus [A/chicken/Malaysia/5858/04 (H5N1)] was 88.2% by nucl

CONSERVATION STRATEGIES OF KEDAH-KELANTAN CATTLE IN MALAYSIA

  INTRODUCTION Kedah-Kelantan (KK) cattle are an indigenous cattle breed of Malaysia, which can be found throughout the country but mainly in the northern states of Peninsular Malaysia. KKs mostly have a light to dark brown coat; a broad and short he

A GENOME WIDE ASSOCIATION STUDY FOR BIRTH WEIGHT IN BOER GOATS USING A 20K SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISM CHIP

ABSTRACTThe purpose of the study was to identify markers associated with birth weight in Boergoats using 20K single nucleotide polymorphism chip. A genome wide associationanalysis using a mixed model was carried out in 591 Boer goats and

MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF MALIN SHEEP IN MALAYSIA

Introduction   Malin sheep is an indigenous sheep of Malaysia. This breed is found in north-eastern and central part of Peninsular Malaysia especially in Kelantan, Terengganu, Pahang and Negeri Sembilan. They are wool type and majority are wh

OBSERVATION ON SWIFTLET NESTING BEHAVIOR RELATED TO THE INTERNAL SOUND LOUDNESS AND LIGHT INTENSITY IN NEWLY BUILT SWIFTLET FARMHOUSE

Abstract   Optimal environmental factors such as air temperature, relative humidity (RH), light intensity and air velocity are the key factors for a successful swiftlet farm. Right now, it is believed  that the light intensity need to be maintai

EFFECT OF EXTRA FEEDING USING FUNNEL FEEDING MACHINE (FFM) TO THE SWIFTLET PRESENT AT STANDALONE SWIFTLET FARMHOUSE (SFH) IN AGRILAND

  Abstract   Swiftlet farming involves the conversion of human-centric building into structures for Swiftlet and also building of new standalone structures for that purpose. Besides maintaining the optimum internal temperature and relati

NITRIT DALAM SARANG BURUNG WALIT: SUATU PENCEMARAN

Industri Sarang Burung Walit merupakan industri yang sangat popular dan bernilaijutaan ringgit kerana harga pasarannya yang mahal dan mendapat permintaan yang tinggiterutamanya bagi pengeksport produk tersebut ke negara China. Kerajaan Malaysia turutmemberi sokongan dan penekanan dalam bidang ini

PRELIMINARY STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF LABORATORY STORAGE CONDITIONS FOR AFLATOXINS TESTING

This study was conducted to observe the effects of different laboratory storage conditions for aflatoxinstesting. Aflatoxins testing were carried out by screening method using ELISA technique. Three types of storageconditions of feeds in the laboratory for aflatoxins testing have been conducted.

PRELIMINARY STUDIES ON ANALYSIS OF COPPER LEVEL IN CATTLE BREED BY LOCAL FARMER IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

Copper is a trace mineral element that plays an important role in the health and reproduction of cattle. Theobjective of this study was to determine whether cattle bred by a local farmer in Farm A in Peninsular Malaysiahad adequate, deficient, , or toxic levels of copper. Random samples of liver

AN OVERVIEW OF NITRITE LEVEL IN MALAYSIA SWIFTLET’S NEST

The Department of Veterinary Services Malaysia (DVS) is alerted with the issue regarding sodium nitritecontent in swiftlet’s nest or Edible Bird’s Nest (EBN) exported to China since the year 2009. This has giventhe opportunity to Veterinary Public Health Laboratory to conduct nitrite

DNA-BASED IDENTIFICATION OF ANIMAL SPECIES IN LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS

The objective of this study is to carry out identification of species in livestock products by using DNA analysisapproach. Public concern over adulteration in raw and processed livestock products raise the needs to conductregular monitoring on the animal contents of these products to ensure it is

RISK ASSESSMENT TO TETRACYCLINES FROM CHICKEN OF SELECTED PROCESSING PLANTS IN MALAYSIA

Dietary exposure assessment to tetracycline drugs was conducted by multiplying mean residue concentrationwith mean chicken consumption, also incorporating the processing factor. Residue concentration data wastaken from Monitoring and Surveillance Program year 2010-2011 involving 101 chicken sampl

OCCURRENCE OF VETERINARY DRUG RESIDUES IN LIVESTOCK FROM PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

Results of the monitoring programme in livestock conducted by the Department of Veterinary Services Malaysiain the period of 2010 to 2011 are presented. Over a 2-year period, tissue samples were analyzed for anumber of veterinary drugs. These included tetracycline, sulphonamide, quinolones, &beta

TEST METHOD FOR NITRATE DETERMINATION IN EDIBLE BIRD NEST

Nitrite content in Edible Bird Nest (EBN) has been a serious crisis for multimillion EBN industries. Various government agencies, research institutes,universities and industries are looking for suitable methods to overcome this issue. Several methods are available for the detection and confirmati

CURRENT APPLICATION TECHNIQUES FOR DETECTION OF EDIBLE BIRD NEST ADULTERATION AND FRAUD BY THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERINARY SERVICES MALAYSIA

Edible bird's nest (EBN) is made from the saliva of swiftlet from the Aerodramus species. It is one of the most widely consumed traditional health food by the Chinese community due to its claimed medicinal value. The global market for EBN is expanding because of its beneficial effects to human be

ANALYSIS OF MYCOTOXINS IN FEEDS – A SHORT DISCUSSION

 Studies on a wide variety of agricultural products indicate that, especially for small sample sizes, the sampling step is usuallythe largest source of variability associated with the mycotoxins’ test procedure. In research, quality assurance, and regulatory activities,correct decision

APPLICATION OF NIRS TO PREDICT CRUDE PROTEIN IN FEEDSTUFFS

The most wide spread use of near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been for the determination of protein, moisture, starch, lipids and ash in feed ingredients. On-the-spot analysis of the whole sample, i.e. a non-destructive technique, allows simultaneous measurement of several parameters with hig

STRATEGIES FOR RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF VETERINARY DRUGS IN FOOD OF ANIMAL ORIGIN

The presence of residues and their associated harmful health effects on humans makes the strategies for veterinary drug residue analysis an important measure in ensuring consumer protection. These strategies include sampling and analytical approach. Emphasis is given to sample preparation and met

ANALYSIS OF CYROMAZINE IN POULTRY FEED AND MUSCLES USING LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY–MASS SPECTROMETRY

Cyromazine is a registered pesticide for controlling flies  in poultry-caged layers.  The compound is added in feed and passed through the chicken, leaving a residuin the manure that controls the growth of the fly larvae developing  the area Concentration of cyromaz

DETERMINATION OF ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDE RESIDUES IN CHICKEN TISSUE USING QuEChERS METHOD

A rapid multiresidue procedure with gas-chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) detection has been developed to screen for thepresence of organochlorine pesticide residues in chicken tissue. The method used a new sample preparation procedure based onQuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugge

MONITORING OF MELAMINE IN MILK AND FEED USING ELISA AND LCMS/MS SCREENING METHODS

A monitoring program for melamine in milk and feed was conducted in response to global melamine alertness in the year 2008. Two screening methods were adopted i.e., a liquid chromatography triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The li

STUDIES ON NUTRIONALLY-RELATED BLOOD METABOLITES – TOTAL PROTEIN AND GLUCOSE LEVELS, IN GOATS OF KINTA AND HILIR PERAK DISTRICTS

The objective of this study was to examine the nutritionally-related blood  metabolites;  total  protein  and glucose levels in goats of Kinta and Hilir Perak districts. A total of eight farms were screened, involving a total of 220 animals. Serum samples were collected in pla

ANALYSIS OF QUINOLONES IN POULTRY MUSCLES USING LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY–TANDEM MASS SPECTROMETRY

Residues of quinolone antibiotics were determined in poultry muscle using an LC-MS/MS method coupled with electrospray ionization.  The procedure was optimised and validated for simultaneous identification, confirmation and quantitation of 12 quinolones in poultry muscle.  The antibioti

THE USE OF EFFECTIVE MICROBES FOR WORM CONTROL IN GOATS – A PRELIMINARY STUDY

A preliminary study was conducted to evaluate the anthelmintic effect of UM on nematode parasites of goat in a government farm. Fifteen Boer goats were randomly selected and fed with UM Bokashi mix (effective microbes in the form of granules) with commercial goat pellets and UM fluid in drinking

A SURVEY OF BACTERIAL AND PARASITIC INFECTIONS OF RATS CAUGHT IN THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

A postmortem survey on ten rats (Rattus spp.) caught in the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) was done to evaluate the parasite, viral and bacterial status. The rats were trapped in the laboratory animal facilities in VRI. The results indicated that seven rats harboured mites (Demo

SEROPREVALENCE OF TRICHINELLOSIS IN PIGS IN NORTHERN STATESOF MALAYSIA

A seroprevalence study on the status of Trichinella infection in pigs was conducted by the Veterinary Research Institute, Malaysia. Of 442 pigs tested from Penang and Perak states, 2% were found to be positive by an ELISA test for antibodies to Trichinella. Chandrawathani P., Premaalatha

PREVALENCE OF HELMINTHIASIS IN RELATION TO CLIMATE IN SMALL RUMINANTS IN PERAK IN 1998 AND 2008

This is a prevalence study of the correlation, pattern and comparison of helminthiasis cases in small ruminants in relation to the weather conditions in Perak in the year of 1998 and 2008. Due to the global warming and climate changes, there is a need to know the effects of weather, if any, on th

NUTRITIVE VALUE OF CORN SILAGE ENSILED IN PLASTIC BAG

Maize silage has been the basic fodder for cattle in many countries. The high starch content of the grain makes the energy content of maize higher than that of hay or forage sorghum  and thus is good  material  for silage  production (1). Many available tropical  forages

EFFICACY OF LIVE ATTENUATED INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE VIRUS VACCINE USING LOCAL ISOLATE IN SPF CHICKEN

A study was conducted to determine the efficacy of an attenuated live strain IBD vaccine Malaysian isolate via drinking water route or oral route in SPF chickens. Results showed that both routes of vaccination were able to induce protective immunity and gave 100% protection against pathogenic fie

DETERMINATION OF CORTICOSTEROIDS IN ANIMAL TISSUE BY LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY– TANDEM MASS SPECTROMETRY

Corticosteroids are well known drugs used to treat various inflammatory and imunonogically mediated disease but they are alsoillegally used as feed additives in livestock production to improve live weight gain. Determination of its residues in meat as well astarget organ (liver) is important to e

EVALUATION OF SHAMI GOAT PERFORMANCE IN MALAYSIA

Shami goat is a dual-purpose goat originating from Syria. It is widely spread into Cyprus, Jordan, Turkey, Israel and other Mediterranean countries. They are of the Nubian type and are usually red or brown colored but can also be seen in pied or grey. The animals can be either horned or polled an

OCCURRENCE OF AFLATOXINS IN FEEDS AND FEEDSTUFFS: 2005-2009

Aflatoxins    are   secondary    metabolites   produced    by   moulds    belonging    to Aspergillus species  (Aspergillus flavus

ESTIMATING THE BODY WEIGHT OF SHAMI (DAMASCUS) GOAT USING BODY MEASUREMENTS

Introduction Measurement of various body conformation are very useful in judging the weight of live goat and also very helpful in developing suitable selection criteria (1). Farmers use questionable methods such as eye-estimating or lift the animals by hand to estimate th

PREVALENCE OF HELMINTHIASIS IN RELATION TO CLIMATE IN SMALL RUMINANTS IN PERAK IN 1998 AND 2008

This is a prevalence study ofthe correlation, pattern and comparison ofhelminthiasis cases in small ruminants inrelation to the weather conditions in Perakin the year of 1998 and 2008. Helminthiasisis annually diagnosed at the ParasitologyUnit of VRI. Due to the global warmingand climate changes,

QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION OF GOAT SEMEN FROM FRESH, CHILLED AND FROZEN SAMPLES

  Introduction Artificial insemination (AI) is an important tool for genetic improvement in livestock. The success rate of AI is influenced by many factors, including the semen quality used for inseminating the female (1). Fresh semen is processed and stored

EVALUATION OF MICROSATELLITE MARKERS FOR PARENTAGE VERIFICATION IN CATTLE

Abstract: Traditionally, parentage verification in cattle has been performed using blood typing. Parentage verification is very important, since it is the basis for breeding schemes and becomes even more critical with the widespread use of artificial insemination and embryo trans

MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SHAMI GOAT IN MALAYSIA

Dairy goat has a good potential to help increase in milk production in the country. Dairy goats, as compared to, is easier to handle than dairy cows and buffaloes due to its small size and require less feed than a dairy cows (Salleh et. al, 2010). Shami goat is a dual-purpose goat originated from

PRELIMINARY STUDY ON MORTALITY AND ADAPTABILITY OF NEWLY ADAPTED SHAMI BREED INTO MALAYSIA.

Dairy goat has been recently recognized to serve an important role in Malaysia. Due to its size, dairy goat is easier to be managed as it requires less feed and smaller facilities compared to dairy cattle and buffalo which is cost-saving for farm producers (Salleh et. al, 2010). These co

BIOPROSPECTING OF SHAMI GOATS FOR DAIRY PRODUCTION IN MALAYSIA

INTRODUCTION   Dairy goats have a good potential to help increase milk production in Malaysia. Dairy goats, as compared to dairy cows and buffaloes, are easier to handle due to their small size and require less feed, which is

DEVELOPMENT OF THE KATJANG GOAT CONSERVATION CENTRE

Introduction Katjang goat is Malaysia’s indigenous goat breed. It is found in small populations in several parts of Malaysia, and it is considered to be at risk (DVS 2006). Katjang goat is a meat-type of animal and as described by DVS (2006), it possesses the morpho
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