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SPECIFIC ANTIBODY RESPONSE TOWARDS TWO KILLED ANTIGENS OF MANNHEMIA HAEMOLYTICA TYPE IN HYPERIMMUNESERUM RABBITS.

Objectives of the study were to determine the antibody response following injection two type of antigens of M. haemolytica inoculated into rabbits and to evaluate the performance of an in-house ELISA kit to detect immunoglobulin G (Ig G) against M. haemolytica type A.  Rabb

THE DETERMINATION OF EFFECTIVENESS OF APPLYING EFFECTIVE MICROORGANISM IN CONTROLLING AMMONIA AND HYDROGEN SULPHIDE FROM POULTRY MANURE

Poultry layer houses are mostly open house system that generally faced with flies and odour and has become nuisance factors to society and the environment. Commonly reported compounds associated with livestock waste include ammonia (a sharp pungent odour) and hydrogen sulfide (a rotten egg odour)

SURVEY OF PATHOGENS FROM WILD RATS IN KINTA AND KLANG VALLEY, MALAYSIA

VRI was conducted a survey of 18 wild rats caught in Ipoh area (Rattus spp) and 80 wild rats from Kuala Lumpur area. The rats were post mortem and samples of skin, intestines, blood, urine and organs were examined for parasites, viruses and bacteria. Results from Ipoh rats indicated that

SEROCONVERSION OF BRUCELLOSIS IN CALVES FROM SEROPOSITIVE DAMS

The aim of this study was to determine the seroconversion of calves from seropositive dams and to indicate the bacterial isolation of Brucella abortus from samples collected. There were two out of five calves indicating a reactor to B.abortus using CFT. Rate of seroconversion in

KAWALAN PENCEMARAN BAU DI LADANG TERNAKAN AYAM KOMERSIAL

Industri penternakan ayam merupakan satu industri yang penting kepada negara. Berbicara sahaja tentang perusahaan menternak ayam, terbayang di minda cara ternakan kuno atau bersifat tradisional dengan keadaan persekitaran yang berbau busuk, hanyir, kotor dan dipenuhi lalat. Sesuai dengan peredara

SEROPREVALENCE STUDY OF CASEOUSE LYMPHADENITIS IN MALAYSIA USING INDIRECT ELISA TECHNIQUE.

Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) has been a prevalent disease among farmed small ruminants in the majority of goat-rearing countries for over a century. A total of 446 goat sera were randomly selected from 20 farms from 10 different states of Malaysia. All serum samples were tested by Indirect ELISA t

THE GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND NUTRITIVE VALUES OF SIX TYPES OF NAPIER AT DIFFERENT CUTTING AGE

Forages continue to represent the single most important feed resource for livestock in developed and developing countries. Selecting forage species for cultivation must take into consideration the yield, digestibility and nutrient composition (1). Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum) &nbs

NIPAH STATUS IN MALAYSIA FROM 2001 - 2013: TEST BY ELISA IN LOCAL ANIMALS

Nipah virus was first detected in Malaysia in 1999. As a result of severe infections in pigs and humans, a national surveillance programme was implemented to test pig farms as well screening of other domestic and wild animals. To date VRI has tested more than 30,000 sera samples using the ELISA t

THE EFFECTS OF ADDING ZEOLITE IN THE SOIL ON YIELD AND NUTRITIVE VALUE OF NAPIER GRASS (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Taiwan)

Zeolite can be potential as soil amendment for retaining soil ammnonium and potassium from being leached into the ground. This is a contributing factor to the high yield and quality nutrient content of the fodder. The effect of zeolite on the quality and productivity of Napier Grass (Penniset

MELIOIDOSIS IN VARIOUS ANIMAL SPECIES DIAGNOSED IN THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE FROM 2007 TO 2011.

Melioidosis is a serious infection caused by the gram-negative bacillus and biothreat organism, Burkholderia pseudomallei which affects a wide range of animal species. Antibody detection against melioidosis from 4,746 cases of cattle, sheep, goats, buffaloes, rabbits, horses, deer, dogs

DEVELOPMENT OF BRUCELLA MELITENSIS ELISA KIT-COMPARISON BETWEEN IN-HOUSE ELISA AND COMPLIMENT FIXATION TEST FOR THE DIAGNOSIS OF B.MELITENSIS IN SMALL RUMINANTS (2012)

An Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) for Brucellosis in sheep and goats was developed by using local isolates as antigen to optimize the sample testing. The in-house ELISA was compared with complement fixation Test (CFT) which was already established and used widely for screening of bruce

MELIOIDOSIS IN SHEEP AND GOAT: DIAGNOSTIC CASES IN THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE FROM 2009 TO 2010.

Melioidosis is predominantly a disease of tropical climate especially in South East Asia and Northern Australia where it is endemic. Melioidosis was diagnosed routinely at the Serology Unit in the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Ipoh, Malaysia by using Complement Fixation Test. In 2009, a to

SEROPREVALANCE OF EQUINE VIRAL ARTERITIS VIRUS IN IMPORTED HORSES FROM SELECTED QUARANTINE STATIONS IN MALAYSIA (2011)

An Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA), which is a respiratory and reproductive disease, in horses was conducted on a total of 264 samples collected from KLIA and Batu Maung, Penang quarantine ports. Positive antibodies against EVA were found in 8.71% of the

ELISA- A DIAGNOSTIC TOOL FOR MONITORING OF NIPAH VIRUS IN PIGS, DOGS, CATS AND HORSE IN THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE (VRI), IPOH, MALAYSIA (2011)

The outbreak of Nipah viral encephalitis in 1999 caused fatalities in both human and pigs. The outbreak caused mass culling of nearly one ,million pigs to controlthe outbreak. A national surveillance program was scheduled by the Department OF Veterinary Services (DVS) to screen all pigs farms in

GENETICALLY ENGINEERED LIVE ATTENUATED BACTERIAL VACCINES (LOCAL ISOLATES) OF BRUCELLA MELITENSIS IN SHEEP AND GOAT: CONSTRUCTION / INACTIVATION OF AROC GENE FROM BRUCELLA MELITENSIS (2010)

Brucella melitensis infection causes considerable economic losses to the small ruminant industry. AroC gene has the fuction for choristmate synthesis (aromatic compound synthesis). Mutation of these genes will lead to impairement of growth and serious metabolic problems in bacte
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