2010 Portal



All Categories


Pages


2010

Latest in 2010

IDENTIFICATION OF Aspergillus flavus FROM INTERNAL TRANSCRIBED SPACER REGIONS 1 AND 2 USING POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION

Aspergillus flavus is identified as one of the most frequent causes of invasive aspergillosis in humans and animals. This organism is responsible for the elaboration of the toxin in the feed and the toxin is known as aflatoxin. There are various methods available to a

SEROPREVALENCE STUDY OF CASEOUSE LYMPHADENITIS IN MALAYSIA USING INDIRECT ELISA TECHNIQUE.

Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) has been a prevalent disease among farmed small ruminants in the majority of goat-rearing countries for over a century. A total of 446 goat sera were randomly selected from 20 farms from 10 different states of Malaysia. All serum samples were tested by Indirect ELISA t

MELIOIDOSIS IN SHEEP AND GOAT: DIAGNOSTIC CASES IN THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE FROM 2009 TO 2010.

Melioidosis is predominantly a disease of tropical climate especially in South East Asia and Northern Australia where it is endemic. Melioidosis was diagnosed routinely at the Serology Unit in the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Ipoh, Malaysia by using Complement Fixation Test. In 2009, a to

SEROPREVALANCE OF EQUINE VIRAL ARTERITIS VIRUS IN IMPORTED HORSES FROM SELECTED QUARANTINE STATIONS IN MALAYSIA (2011)

An Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA), which is a respiratory and reproductive disease, in horses was conducted on a total of 264 samples collected from KLIA and Batu Maung, Penang quarantine ports. Positive antibodies against EVA were found in 8.71% of the

ELISA- A DIAGNOSTIC TOOL FOR MONITORING OF NIPAH VIRUS IN PIGS, DOGS, CATS AND HORSE IN THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE (VRI), IPOH, MALAYSIA (2011)

The outbreak of Nipah viral encephalitis in 1999 caused fatalities in both human and pigs. The outbreak caused mass culling of nearly one ,million pigs to controlthe outbreak. A national surveillance program was scheduled by the Department OF Veterinary Services (DVS) to screen all pigs farms in

GENETICALLY ENGINEERED LIVE ATTENUATED BACTERIAL VACCINES (LOCAL ISOLATES) OF BRUCELLA MELITENSIS IN SHEEP AND GOAT: CONSTRUCTION / INACTIVATION OF AROC GENE FROM BRUCELLA MELITENSIS (2010)

Brucella melitensis infection causes considerable economic losses to the small ruminant industry. AroC gene has the fuction for choristmate synthesis (aromatic compound synthesis). Mutation of these genes will lead to impairement of growth and serious metabolic problems in bacte

DIAGNOSIS OF LEPTOSPIROSIS, BRUCELLOSIS & MELIOIDOSIS DISEASES IN HUMAN CONDUCTED IN VRI.

The Veterinary Research Institute provides diagnostic services for diseases such as Leptospirosis (caused by Leptospira sp.), Melioidosis (caused by Burkhorlderia pseudomallei) and Brucellosis (Brucella abortus) in humans as requested by the Health Department, Malaysia.

EFFICACY OF ANTHELMINTIC TREATMENT TO CONTROL HELMINTHIASIS IN SHEEP OF VETERINARY INSTITUTE

Nematode resistant to anthelmintics are of increasing concern to sheep farms in Malaysia. Thus to  certain the degree of anthelmintics in the sheep population, faecal egg count reduction (FECR) trials were conducted on sheep in Veterinary Institute. 60 wean sheep were selected and divided in

A SURVEY OF ZOONOTIC PATHOGENS IN STRAY DOG IN IPOH

29 stray dogs in Ipoh were surveyed for zoonotic pathogens.There is many disease agents that can cause disease in multiple species of animals including humans. Dogs are reservoirs, carriers, and transmitters of several zoonotic  disease that are considered serious problems for humans. This s

AEROMONAS HYDROPHILA INFECTION IN TUNTUNG(RIVER TERRAPIN) – A CASE STUDY

Specimens of river terrapin (Batagurbaska) and painted terrapin (Callagurborneonsis) turtles from Wildlife Conservation which died during captive rearing were subjected to complete necropsy. They inhabit estuaries and tidal reaches of medium to large rivers throughout Southeast

SURVEILLANCE OF RABIES BY THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE (VRI) FROM 2006-2010

Rabies is one of the most feared zoonotic diseases in the world. All warm-blooded animals are susceptible to infection by the virus. It is a fatal viral encephalitis and results from infection with viruses belonging to the genusLyssavirus. Animal Rabies Surveillance Programme in Malaysia

DIAGNOSIS OF BRUCELLOSIS AND LEPTOSPIROSIS IN RUMINANTS BY THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE, IPOH

Brucellosis and leptospirosis are two important zoonotic diseases in ruminants which lead to abortion and cause  high economic losses. The data on routine samples submitted from all over Malaysia, for diagnosis in the Veterinary Research Institute in 2009, was analysed to evaluate the curren

ESTIMATION OF SERUM BIOCHEMISTRY REFERENCE VALUES FOR SWISS ALBINO MICE BRED IN VRI

In an attempt to standardise the determination of biological reference values, the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry (IFCC) has published a series of recommendations on developing reference interval. Serum biochemistry reference values were determined for 30 clinically healthy Swiss

MALIGNANT CATARRHAL FEVER (MCF) IN BALI CATTLE (BOS JAVANICUS) IN A COMMERCIAL FARM IN MALAYSIA.

Malignant Catarrhal Fever (MCF) is a highly fatal disease of cattle and other ruminants with worldwide distribution. There are two forms of the disease, first is caused by Alcephine herpesvirus-1 (AHV-1) and is derived from wildebeest. There other form of the disease is associated with sheep and

BRUCELLOSIS DIAGNOSED IN HUMAN AT THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE FROM 2001 TO 2010.

Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease which were diagnosed routinely at Serology Unit in the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Ipoh, Malaysia.  As a routine procedure for detection of  Human Brucellosis, either all three test or only one of the test were performed on each sample which ar

The effects of different doses and patterns of administration of ovine FSH on superovulatory response and embryo recovery in Malaysian goats

INTRODUCTION   Large variations in superovulatory responses continue to be a major obstacle to the routine production of embryos from goats and other farm animals by superovulatory methods on a large scale (Cognie, 1999). A major reason for this variability i

EFFICACY OF LIVE ATTENUATED INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE VIRUS VACCINE USING LOCAL ISOLATE IN SPF CHICKEN.

A study was conducted to determine the efficacy of an attenuated live strain IBD vaccine Malaysian isolate via drinking water route or oral route in SPF chickens. Results showed that both routes of vaccination were able to induce protective immunity and gave 100% protection against pathogenic fie

THE PREVALENCE OF AVIAN PATHOGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI (APEC) IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

Avian colibacillosis is considered a major bacterial disease in the poultry industry world-wide and is also one of the most common avian diseases  that is communicable to humans.  A prevalence study on APEC was carried  out in Peninsular Malaysia by Veterinary Research Institute&nb

IDENTIFICATION OF SALMONELLA SEROTYPES ISOLATED FROM MEAT SAMPLES IN MALAYSIA

This  study  reports  the identification  of Salmonella  serotypes  in meat samples submitted to the Veterinary Research  Institute  (VRI)  for  diagnosis. A  total  of  425 Salmonella  isolates  were received from the Vet

DEVELOPMENT OF A PCR TECHNIQUE FOR DETECTION OF MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS COMPLEX (MTC) FROM MILK AND ORGANS

A Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) method for the detection of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Complex (MTC) in milk and organs of infected cattle is developed. DNA was extracted from milk and various organs including lymph node, lung, heart, kidney, spleen and liver. All of organs sample was tested by

PROGENY TESTING OF DAIRY SIRES ON MALAYSIAN GOVERNMENT FARMS

Good genetic response rates are achieved through the application of animal breeding techniques on dairy herds (Smith, 1988). In the tropics, the evaluation of dairy sires is usually difficult due to the inadequate numbers of daughters per sire and the variable breed composition of dairy cows. In

CONSERVATION STRATEGIES OF KEDAH-KELANTAN CATTLE IN MALAYSIA

  INTRODUCTION Kedah-Kelantan (KK) cattle are an indigenous cattle breed of Malaysia, which can be found throughout the country but mainly in the northern states of Peninsular Malaysia. KKs mostly have a light to dark brown coat; a broad and short he

PRELIMINARY STUDIES ON ANALYSIS OF COPPER LEVEL IN CATTLE BREED BY LOCAL FARMER IN PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

Copper is a trace mineral element that plays an important role in the health and reproduction of cattle. Theobjective of this study was to determine whether cattle bred by a local farmer in Farm A in Peninsular Malaysiahad adequate, deficient, , or toxic levels of copper. Random samples of liver

A SURVEY OF BACTERIAL AND PARASITIC INFECTIONS OF RATS CAUGHT IN THE VETERINARY RESEARCH INSTITUTE

A postmortem survey on ten rats (Rattus spp.) caught in the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) was done to evaluate the parasite, viral and bacterial status. The rats were trapped in the laboratory animal facilities in VRI. The results indicated that seven rats harboured mites (Demo

SEROPREVALENCE OF TRICHINELLOSIS IN PIGS IN NORTHERN STATESOF MALAYSIA

A seroprevalence study on the status of Trichinella infection in pigs was conducted by the Veterinary Research Institute, Malaysia. Of 442 pigs tested from Penang and Perak states, 2% were found to be positive by an ELISA test for antibodies to Trichinella. Chandrawathani P., Premaalatha

PREVALENCE OF HELMINTHIASIS IN RELATION TO CLIMATE IN SMALL RUMINANTS IN PERAK IN 1998 AND 2008

This is a prevalence study of the correlation, pattern and comparison of helminthiasis cases in small ruminants in relation to the weather conditions in Perak in the year of 1998 and 2008. Due to the global warming and climate changes, there is a need to know the effects of weather, if any, on th

DETERMINATION OF CORTICOSTEROIDS IN ANIMAL TISSUE BY LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY– TANDEM MASS SPECTROMETRY

Corticosteroids are well known drugs used to treat various inflammatory and imunonogically mediated disease but they are alsoillegally used as feed additives in livestock production to improve live weight gain. Determination of its residues in meat as well astarget organ (liver) is important to e

OCCURRENCE OF AFLATOXINS IN FEEDS AND FEEDSTUFFS: 2005-2009

Aflatoxins    are   secondary    metabolites   produced    by   moulds    belonging    to Aspergillus species  (Aspergillus flavus

PREVALENCE OF HELMINTHIASIS IN RELATION TO CLIMATE IN SMALL RUMINANTS IN PERAK IN 1998 AND 2008

This is a prevalence study ofthe correlation, pattern and comparison ofhelminthiasis cases in small ruminants inrelation to the weather conditions in Perakin the year of 1998 and 2008. Helminthiasisis annually diagnosed at the ParasitologyUnit of VRI. Due to the global warmingand climate changes,

BIOPROSPECTING OF SHAMI GOATS FOR DAIRY PRODUCTION IN MALAYSIA

INTRODUCTION   Dairy goats have a good potential to help increase milk production in Malaysia. Dairy goats, as compared to dairy cows and buffaloes, are easier to handle due to their small size and require less feed, which is

DEVELOPMENT OF THE KATJANG GOAT CONSERVATION CENTRE

Introduction Katjang goat is Malaysia’s indigenous goat breed. It is found in small populations in several parts of Malaysia, and it is considered to be at risk (DVS 2006). Katjang goat is a meat-type of animal and as described by DVS (2006), it possesses the morpho
Page Navigation: 1 2 3 (All)

Most Viewed - 2010