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NIPAH STATUS IN MALAYSIA FROM 2001 - 2013: TEST BY ELISA IN LOCAL ANIMALS

Nipah virus was first detected in Malaysia in 1999. As a result of severe infections in pigs and humans, a national surveillance programme was implemented to test pig farms as well screening of other domestic and wild animals. To date VRI has tested more than 30,000 sera samples using the ELISA t

HISTOLOGICAL FINDINGS OF SARCOSPORIDIOSIS IN MEAT OF MALAYSIAN WILDLIFE FAUNA.

Sarcosporidiosis or sarcocystosis is the disease caused by the zoonotic parasite Sarcocystis spp. In Malaysia it has been reported in domestic and wild animals, including domestic and field rats, moonrats, bandicoots, slow loris, buffalo, monkey and human. In the zoono

PREVALENCE OF SARCOCYSTOSIS IN LARGE RUMINANT IN PERAK

The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of sarcocystosis in large ruminant slaughtered in abattoir in the state of Perak, Malaysia. The fresh oesophagus and heart muscle samples from cattle and buffaloes slaughtered in abattoir were examined macroscopically to look

SARCOSPORIDIOSIS IN KEDAH-KELANTAN CROSSBRED CATTLE IN PERAK, MALAYSIA BY HISTOLOGICAL EXAMINATION AND DIGESTION TECHNIQUES

Sarcosporidiosis is the disease caused by the zoonotic intracellular protozoa namely Sarcocystis spp. with an obligatory two-host life cycle. The affected animals are mostly asymptomatic and the parasite is discovered only at slaughter. The aim of this study is to detect the presence of

ZOONOTIC PARASITES FROM EXOTIC MEAT IN MALAYSIA

Four zoonotic parasites, Sarcocystis spp., Toxoplasma spp., Trichinella spp. and Taenia spp were screened in exotic meats. A total of fifty (n=50) meat samples from various species of exotic animals were received from all states in Malaysia commencing from Janu

BRUCELLOSIS AND LEPTOSPIROSIS IN CATTLE FROM ABATTOIRS IN PERAK

A study to identify the disease status of cattle in four abattoirs in Perak was carried out. Specimens of nasal and vaginal swabs, condemned organs with lesions, blood, urine, ticks and worms were collected from 53 cattle during the survey period. A total of 9 animals were serologically positive

STATUS OF BRUCELLOSIS AND MELIOIDOSIS IN SMALL RUMINANT FARMS FROM DIFFERENT DISTRICT OF PERAK

Caprine Brucellosis and Melioidosis are caused by Brucella melitensis and Bukholderia pseudomallei respectively. In this study, 5 farms from different district of Perak were selected. Twenty five animals were sampled from each farm. Sampling was done by collecting blood through the jugular vein u

PENTASTOMID (ARMILLIFER MONILIFORMIS) INFECTION IN MALAYSIA N BLOOD PYTHON (PYTHON CURTUS)

Carcasses of the Malaysian blood python (Python curtus) was postmortemed in the Veterinary Research Institute, Ipoh.Three worms belonging to the genus Armillifer sp. (larval stage) was identified based on morphological examination. This pentostomid worm has zoonotic implications

A CASE OF PENTASTOMESCYSTS IN GREEN BURMESE PYTHON (PYTHON MOLURUS BIVITTATUS).

This work presents a case of sudden death of Green Burmese Python (Python Molurus Bivittatus) which belong to one of the recreational parks in Malaysia. The specimen was necropsied which   revealed few whitish cysts in the distal part of the right lungs measuring 2-4 m

Effect of superovulation on ovarian response and subsquent embryo transfer in goats.

Abstract This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of oFSH dosages on ovarian responses during superovulation treatment. A total of 35 mature crossbred goats were synchronised for oestrus with CIDR devices for a period of 13 days. The does were divided into 3 group

CYTOTOXICITY ACTIVITY OF ETHANOLIC EXTRACT OF A. PANICULATA AGAINST VERO AND CHICKEN EMBRYO FIBROBLAST CELLS.

Ethanolic extract of Andrographis paniculata (APE) were evaluated for their in vitro cytotoxicity activity against Vero cell line and chicken embryo fibroblast (CEF) primary cell. The in vitro cytotoxicity activity was measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT)

STUDY ON THE STABILITY OF INFECTIOUS BURSAL DISEASE VACCINE 9050/93 STRAIN IN TWO DIFFERENT TYPE OF DILUENTS.

Virus titer test using specific pathogen free (SPF) embryonated eggs was employed to determine the stability of the reconstituted form of infectious bursal disease (IBD) vaccine 9050/93 strain in skim milk and phosphate buffered saline (PBS) exposed at 32°C for 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 hours. Total o

SALMONELLA SEROTYPES ISOLATED FROM LIVESTOCK SPECIMENS SUBMITTED IIN VRI FROM YEAR 2008 TO 2012

This paper reports the distribution of Salmonella serotypes isolated from livestock specimens submitted to the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) for diagnosis. A total of 218 Salmonella were isolated by the Mammalian Bacteriology Section of VRI from animal specimens between the years of 2008 to

ISOLATION OF RIEMERELLA ANATIPESTIFER FROM AN OUTBREAK IN A COMMERCIAL DUCK LAYER FARM

An investigation was carried out on a duck layer farm following complaints of morbidity and mortality of young layer ducks (new batch). Ducks of Khaki Campbell cross with Thailand breed were reared for the salted egg industry. The livestock’s population comprised of 2,387 layer ducks (900 o

IMPROVED DETECTION OF BRUCELLA MELITENSIS IN MILK BY POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION

Brucellosis is a highly contagious zoonotic disease worldwide. Infection in animals usually cause reproductive problems while in human the infection leads to an intermittent fever commonly known as undulant fever. Diagnosis of the disease by conventional bacteriological culture based on isolation
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