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Recent Articles by Debbra Marcel

Buletin Bicara Veterinar Jilid.2 No.2 (2019)

Perkongsian artikel-artikel menarik berkaitan industri penternakan negara meliputi skop penyelidikan veterinar, usahawan ternak jaya, produk inovasi, pemakanan, pembiakbakaan, kawalan pencemaran, kebajikan haiwan dan pelbagai informasi menarik berkaitan kesihatan veterinar.

Pembentangan Ketua Pengarah Perkhidmatan Veterinar sewaktu Konvensyen Program Pengembangan Veterinar Daerah (PPVD)

Pembentangan Ketua Pengarah Perkhidmatan Veterinar Sempena Konvensyen Pengembangan Veterinar yang telah diadakan pada 24 September 2019 bertempat di A'Famosa Resort Hotel, Melaka.

20 years recollection of Nipah disease outbreak (Sept 1998-May 1999)

The Nipah virus outbreak in Malaysia which occured from late 1998 to 2001, can be considered as a major disaster which affected human lives and caused severe economic losses in the swine industry in Malaysia.


Integrating livestock in rubber or oil palm plantations has optimized the productivity of each land unit used in Malaysia. Malaysia has vast fields such as oil palm plantations, rubber and coconut. Under the trees and inter-row spaces promote the growth of at least 60


The rapid analysis for predicting nutritive value of grass samples with near infrared reflectance spectroscopy was studied. Wet chemistry analysis for dry matter, total ash, crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre and minerals were time consuming, involve high cost a


The Animal Feed Laboratory, Institut Veterinar Malaysia (IVM) of the Department Of Veterinary Services is responsible for feeding stuffs analysis in the southern region of Peninsular Malaysia. During the last 15 years, forage analysis has become a routine activity of


ABSTRACT The purpose of the current study is to compare the means from reference method (proximate analysis) with test method (NIR). Six parameters were studied which are moisture, crude ash, crude protein, ether extracts, crude fiber and nitrogen free extract. PKC sa


Abstract: Palm Kernel Meal is well known as raw material with a balanced nutritional value, especially as livestock feed. It also widely used by livestock producers as a supplementary feed. However, the nutritive values of this by-product vary and depend on many factors. Proximate analysis values


Abstract: Palm Kernel Meal (PKM) is a protein feed with high fibre content. It is suitable for feeding of ruminants. Unfortunately the copper content in this feedstuff is associated with copper poisoning. Continuous monitoring of copper content in PKM samples were analyzed in the Animal Feed Labo


Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) caused by Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in Malaysian sheep and goats were diagnosed routinely by Veterinary Research Institute. From five categories of samples received, herd health programme was analyzed because compared to other cate


Aspergillus flavus is identified as one of the most frequent causes of invasive aspergillosis in humans and animals. This organism is responsible for the elaboration of the toxin in the feed and the toxin is known as aflatoxin. There are various methods available to a

INACTIVATION/DELETION OF PLD GENE FROM Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis

Caseous lymphadenitis is a disease caused by C. pseudotuberculosis which brings significant economic losses to small ruminant producers worldwide. The pld gene that encodes potent exotoxin has been considered as the major virulence factor for this bacterium. Deletion of pld gene is done by insert


Haemorrhagic Septicaemia (HS) is a major disease of cattle and buffaloes characterized by an acute, highly fatal septicaemia with high morbidity and mortality. In Asia, HS caused by infection with Pasteurella multocida serotype B:2 or 6:B. To overcome the problem asso

Guidelines for the diagnosis, treatment and control of feline endoparasites in the tropics. Second Edition March 2019.

The guidelines presented in this booklet were independently developed by members of the Tropical  Council for Companion Animal Parasites Ltd.  These best-practice guidelines are based on evidence-based, peer reviewed, published scientific literature. The aut

Guidelines for the diagnosis, treatment and control of canine endoparasites in the tropics. Second Edition March 2019.

The guidelines presented in this booklet were independently developed by members of the Tropical Council for Companion Animal Parasites Ltd. These best-practice guidelines are based on evidence-based, peer reviewed, published scientific literature. The authors of thes

Abstract Book: 27th Conference of the WAAVP

Theme: Sifting and Winnowing the Evidence in Veterinary Parasitology. With an overall theme of Sifting and Winnowing the Evidence in Veterinary Parasitology, the Conference reminds us that we cannot for a moment believe that knowle

Neosporosis in animals

A brief information about neosporosis, the blood parasitic infection commonly occurs in dogs caused by protozoan parasite called Neospora caninum.

Fly Trap for fly control

The use of fly trap in controlling the biting flies, the vectors for blood parasites in livestock.

Control of Helminthiasis in Small Ruminants

Simple guidelines on how to control helminthiasis in small ruminants.

Antiparasitic plants for livestock in Malaysia

Plants that have potential to control the parasites in livestock.

Information sharing: Nutritive composition of oil palm empty fruit bunch fibers treated with mycelia culture of Lingzhi (Ganoderma lucidum) as a potential ruminant feedstuff

Efforts were made to reduce the wide gap between requirement and availability of local feed by having a better utilization strategy of unconventional feed resources. Malaysia is one of the world’s largest palm oil producers. The process of extraction of palm

The operation of Nipah Virus Laboratory for the National Swine Surveillance Programme

The outbreak of Nipah virus disease in Malaysia, which has caused human fatalities, has been attributed to a viral infection in pigs. The outbreak in 1998/99 has been traced back to earlier incidences which were provisionally diagnosed as Japanese encephalitis (JE). S

Stamping out Nipah Virus Infection in Pigs at Tanah Merah Site "A", Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia - An Experience of a Lifetime

This scientific poster presented during the 17th Veterinary Association of Malaysia Congress in Conjunction with Malaysia International Halal Showcase (MIHAS) 2005, which was on 27-30th July 2005 at Mines Resort City, Kuala Lumpur.

Kompilasi Kertas Saintifik Penyelidikan Veterinar 2010-2015

Buku Kompilasi Kertas Saintifik Penyelidikan Veterinar 2010-2015 bertujuan memberikan maklumat berkaitan penyelidikan yang telah dijalankan oleh beberapa bahagian dalam Jabatan Perkhidmatan Veterinar Malaysia (DVS). Penyelidikan merangkumi aspek penyakit haiwan, sumbe

Pelan Strategik Penyelidikan Veterinar 2018-2022

Pelan Strategik Penyelidikan Veterinar 2018-2022 merupakan satu pelan aktiviti pengurusan organisasi yang menetapkan keutamaan, menggembleng sumber dan tenaga, mengukuhkan operasi dan memastikan semua kakitangan dan pihak atasan berusaha ke arah matlamat yang sama. Pe

Kompilasi Inovasi Veterinar Terpilih (2011)

Buku ini diterbitkan sebagai kompilasi inovasi terpilih sehingga tahun 2011. Inovasi ini telah dikongsi oleh anggota berkualiti istimewa yang sanggup berfikir, sanggup mencuba fikiran tersebut dan berani mengemukakannya sebagai inovasi. Penerbitan buku ini diharap dap

Abstract Book: 55th Annual Scientific Conference of the MSPTM

This is an abstract book for 55th Annual Scientific Conference of the Malaysian Society of Parasitology and Tropical Medicine (MSPTM) which was held on the 13th and 14th March 2019 at Intercontinental Hotel Kuala Lumpur. Among the participants of this conference

Kompilasi Inovasi Veterinar 2015

Buku Kompilasi Inovasi Veterinar 2015 ini diharap agar menjadi salah satu sumber rujukan utama dalam penyebaran informasi kepada pihak industri yang berkepentingan dan mereka yang berminat. Semoga buku ini dapat memberi manfaat kepada kita bersama terutama dalam pemba

Buletin Bicara Veterinar Jilid.2 No.1 (2019)

Perkongsian artikel-artikel menarik berkaitan industri penternakan negara meliputi skop penyelidikan veterinar, usahawan ternak jaya, produk inovasi, pemakanan, pembiakbakaan, kawalan pencemaran, kebajikan haiwan dan pelbagai informa

Comparison of fatty acid profile for chicken meat produced from the use of Palm Kernel Cake (PKC) feed and commercial chicken feed

This study aims to compare the fatty acid profile in chicken meat from the use of premium grade palm kernel cake (PKC) feed compared to the commercial feed. A decrease in saturated fatty acid (SFA) level and a concomitant increase in the monounsaturated (MUF

Spatial distribution of potential swiftlet farming areas based on land use status in Johor

The Edible Bird Nest (EBN) industry have grown vigorously into a multi-million ringgit industry due to its high value in the international market. Increasing demand mainly from Vietnam, Singapore, Hong Kong and China. To date, the Department of Veterinary Se

Reproductive performance of Mafriwal dairy cattle

Good reproductive performance of lactating dairy cows is essential for profitable milk production. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of three genetic groups of Holstein blood inheritance (M60, M70, and M80) on reproductive traits. Calvin

Evaluation of whole blood test kit for Salmonella screening for poultry

Salmonellosis is an important disease in poultry. Flock screening using rapid salmonella stained antigen is recommended by OIE for rapid diagnosis. A study was conducted to evaluate the performance of Salmonella stained antigen produced by VRI (SAPEN) and &n

Ascaridiosis complicated with Mycoplasma spp. infection in village chickens

3 village chickens consist of 2 live birds and 1 dead bird aged 6 months old from the same population were presented Kuantan Regional Veterinary Laboratory on 7 December 2017 for disease investigation by the Kuantan District Veterinary Service Office personn

A comparison of the straw technique and conventional technique for sample collection for Rabies FAT

Rabies is caused by Lyssavirus of the Rhabdovirus family. Rabies was recently reported in 2017 in Sarawak and 2018 in Perlis. The straw technique requires an ordinary drinking straw and skill for the brain sampling. On the other hand, the conventional techni

Histopathological and virus tissue distribution of Avian Reovirus Cluster IV in Malaysia

 Avian Reovirus (ARV) has been known to cause a wide range of disease presentations affecting the avian species. This study was performed to compare the microscopic lesions induced by ARVs histologically in six different tissues such as tendon, liver, l

The challenges for development of biogas plants from animal manure in Malaysia

Development of biogas plants from livestock waste in Malaysia is still at its infancy stage compared to biogas plants from other sources of waste. Issues and challenges for its development could be observed from many points of view. To date, there are at lea

Preliminary study on viability of small-scale biogas plant design in dairy farms in Sabah, Malaysia.

In 2009, Malaysia introduced National Green Technology Policy with its main agenda was to increase the development of green technology in Malaysia. During the first 2 years after it has been launched, the construction of green technology facilities such as b

Evaluation of diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of Melioidosis Complement Fixation Test in sheep and goat using 2124/01 Burkholderia pseudomallei antigen

 In Malaysia, Melioidosis in animals has been reported in local goats, sheep, cattle, pigs, deer, monkeys, horses, cats, dogs, and rabbits since 1921. It was also reported among orang utans at the Sepilok Rehabilitation Centre in Sandakan, Sabah in 1965

Determination of multi-class veterinary drugs in chicken feed by ultra performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry

The use of veterinary drugs including antibiotics has received global  attention in recent years especially due to the development of antimicrobial drug resistance. It is essential that suitable methods of analysis are available to control this problem.

Protective efficacy of recombinant Newcastle Disease subunit vaccine against challenge with Malaysian genotype VII Newcastle Disease Virus

Recombinant baculoviruses containing the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (rHN) glycoprotein coding region of Malaysian Genotype VII (gVII) Newcastle disease virus (NDV) was constructed in an attempt to develop an effective subunit vaccine against Malaysian gVII

Preliminary study on the contents of major minerals in various feedstuff

Major minerals especially magnesium, phosphorus and calcium play an important role in the development and growth of ruminants and poultry. While most feedstuffs naturally contain these major minerals at specific levels, many types of feed formulation approac

Investigation of Tetracycline antimicrobial activities against Staphylococcus aureus from clinical mastitis strains in growth media and milk

Mastitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of mammary gland which causes economic losses in the dairy industry. Antibiotic therapy has not been successful to control the disease. Interaction of the drug and protein composition in the milk like as ca

First reported case of brucellosis in Timorensis deer in Muar, Johore

Brucellosis is a major zoonotic disease caused by several Brucella species, which contributes to reproductive loss in animals. Each Brucella species tends to be associated with a specific host species, however animals are highly susceptible to cross species

First report of Madurella mycetomi induced systemic pulmonary and myocardium mycosis in Dugong dugon, Mersing, Johore

Dugongs, is also known as sea cows were registered as the endangered species (IUCN, 2010) and rare in Malaysia. Dugongs can be found in the shallow waters of shoals, reefs, sand flats, and seagrass beds throughout Johor, Sabah and Sarawak. Pulau Sibu and Pul

Common pathogens diagnosed in pig samples received by Veterinary Research Institute from year 2014 to 2017

A total of 23,322 specimens from 2,592 cases were received in Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) from various states in Malaysia and tested for common bacterial, viral, and parasitic diseases in pig. From 771 samples, the highest rate of isolated bacteria &

Prevalence of blood parasites and intestinal parasites incommercial breeding porcupines (Hystrix brachyura)

A survey was carried out to determine the prevalence of blood parasites and intestinal parasites from porcupines in captivity in Peninsular Malaysia. A total of 81 blood samples and 25 faecal samples were collected randomly from commercial breeding porcupine

Growth performance of broiler chicken (Gallus domesticus) using Palm Kernel Cake based chicken feed

The study was carried out to assess the growth performance of broiler chicken fed on 30%-45% premium grade palm kernel cake (PKC) feed and the commercial feed. A total of 600 day-old broiler chicks were used to determine the efficiency of utilization PKC ani

Serological tests for parasitic infections in livestock and pets conducted at the Veterinary Research Institute, Malaysia from 2000 to 2015

Parasitic infections such as protozoan and helminth infections abound in livestock in Malaysia. Over a 15 years period from 2000 to 2015, serological tests were conducted in Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) for surveillance and diagnosis to elucidate the

Efficacy of Glyphosate, Ametryn and Metsulfuron Methyl for controlling Eleucine indica (L.) - A Review

Weeds can replace desirable grass species, filling in gaps or voids and reducing yield and overall quality of pasture and forages. Any plant competing with cultivated plants or that in some way interfere with man’s legitimate activities is considered t

A pilot study on market structure and fresh meat prices compared to frozen imported meat

A share of the fresh beef market in Malaysia is estimated to be about 23 percent based on current self-sufficiency level of beef meat. Others are primarily frozen beef which is mainly imported. Fresh beef processing activities are based on local and/or impor

Spatial analysis of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenze A (H5N1) outbreak in Kelantan, Malaysia for the year 2017

Asian highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A (H5N1) virus occurs mainly in birds and is highly contagious among them. HPAI Asian H5N1 is especially deadly for poultry. This study examines the use of Geographical Information System (GIS) and describes the

Blood protozoan infections in ruminant livestock from 2011 to 2017 - Challenges in diagnosis and investigation

A retrospective study was conducted to provide an update of the current status of important blood protozoan infections in ruminant livestock in Malaysia from January 2011 to December 2017.  A total of 10,258 blood samples were examined for the presence

Isolation and detection of Equine Influenza Virus in nasal swabs from outbreak cases in Malaysia

Equine influenza virus (EIV) belongs to Influenza A group and causes respiratory syndrome disease in horses, leading to economic loses. The disease has a worldwide occurrence and is easily transmitted by direct contact with infected animals, fomites and aero

The evaluation of customer satifaction on service offered by Kuantan Regional Veterinary Laboratory 2018

A survey was conducted to determine the customer satisfaction on services offered by Kuantan Regional Veterinary Laboratory for year 2018. The service evaluation was conducted once every 2 years. Review from 31 regular customers were collected manually by filling out

Evaluation of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia Vaccine formulated with Montanide ISA 61 VG, Corona 8-SO-(RB), Double Oil Adjuvant and Alum

Selection of different formulations in vaccines production is important for safe and sound immunological response in animals. In this study, two new vaccine formulations, which consist of Montanide ISA 61 VG and Corona 8-SO-(RB), respectively were incorporated in prep

Lethal dose 50 test of Pasteurella multocida Type A in mice

Potency test is mandatory quality control (QC) test in the vaccine production and involves using an animal model. Easy-to-manage animal mice have been selected as an alternative animal for potency testing of VRI’s Duck Pasteurellosis vaccine. However, the infect

Pet ownership in Putrajaya

The objective of the study was to determine the status of pet ownership among Putrajaya residence. The survey was administered by means of a questionnaire, either by face to face interview or online. A total of 594 residence participated in this survey. The result has

Comparison of bacteria culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods in identification of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis in clinical samples from goat

Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis is responsible to cause Caseous Lymphadenitis (CLA) commonly in sheep and goat. Therefore, it causes major economic loss in small ruminant industry. Early detection is vital for the control and prevention steps of this disea

Diagnostic information of parasitic infections in various animal species at Regional Diagnostic Laboratory Bukit Tengah from 2015 to 2017

Regional Laboratory Bukit Tengah (RLBT) was received samples obtained from various animal species as diagnostic cases which were sent from Perlis, Kedah, Penang and Northern Perak. Routine diagnostic tests were done to establish the incidence of positive infections in

Usage of bioreactor in producing Salmonella antigen as a Salmonella biological control in poultry

One of the effective methods controlling Salmonella in poultry is by regularly monitoring farm with salmonella antigen. As a step towards biomass production, this antigen has been optimized in bioreactor as an alternative from the conventional method that currently us

Biogas production from a small holder dairy farm in Selangor

The growing interest in anaerobic biotechnology has been closely associated with the benefit of energy and nutrient recovery while achieving the objective of pollution abatement. The main reasonfor the breakthrough of the anaerobic waste treatment method presumably li

Preliminary study on natural occurrence of Aflatoxins, Zearalenone and Fumonisins in grain maize grown in Peninsular Malaysia

The maize plant and kernel are prone to infection by fungal attack and are most likely to be contaminated with mycotoxins under suitable temperature and humidity conditions, during both the growing and storage period. The aim of this study is to evaluate the occurrenc

Incidence of Listeria monocytogenes in dairy and food products of animal origin in central region of Peninsular Malaysia

Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen which causes listeriosis, an illness characterized by meningitis, encephalitis and septicemia, especially in immunocompromised individuals, elderly and pregnant women. It has been reported that several outbreaks

Mycotic encephalitis and pulmonary-nephromycoses infection in Irrawaddy dolphin - A case report

Irrawaddy dolphin also known as Orcaella brevirostris was listed as critically endangered species in the whole world by The World Wide Fund for nature (WWF) (Elliot, 2009). On Feb 2017, a carcass of male Irrawaddy Dolphin, weight 120 kg with 2 meters length was

Prox's system systematic management in biochemistry laboratory of Veterinary Services Department Malaysia

Biochemistry Laboratory is one of the laboratories that conduct livestock nutrient analysis involving major nutrient analysis such as dry matter, protein, fiber, fat, total ash, nitrogen-free extracts, total digestible nutrients, metabolisable energy, neutra

Retrospective study on Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) positive cases from 2014-2017 in Peninsular Malaysia

Malaysia had experienced Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) outbreak as early as in 1909. Since then, the disease is endemic in Peninsular Malaysia until now. A retrospective study on the FMD vaccination and outbreak data from 2014-2017 was conducted to evaluate t

Detection of Avian Reovirus in commercial broiler-breeder chicken in Johor, Malaysia by Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

Avian reoviruses (ARVs) are members of the Orthoreovirus genus in the family Reoviridae. These viruses were recognized to be associated with many avian diseases such as tenosynovitis, respiratory and enteric diseases, hydropericardium, pericarditis, myocardi

Development of Bacilli ID system for Bacillus species identification in VRI

This paper reports on the development of Bacilli ID system, which is a formulated spreadsheet in Microsoft Excel to assist in Bacillus species identification. In VRI Bacteriology Laboratory, we received about 25,000 samples annually for bacterial is

Comparative evaluation of RBPT and CFT for detection of Brucella antibodies from ruminants

Brucellosis is an economically important zoonotic disease which is endemic in many countries. The screening is based mainly on serological testing including Complement Fixation Test (CFT) and Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT).  CFT is time-consuming and tec

The comparison of immune response of Newcastle Disease Virus vaccine in Specific Pathogen Free (SPF) village chickens

Immune response of ND vaccine 1174/08 strain that was developed at Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) was tested. The objective of this study was to compare the immune response of SPF and village chickens to live ND vaccine 1174/18 strain (NDVAC-1174/2008).

Hygiene and safety of meat from local abattoir: A survey on public concerns

Greater urbanisation in Malaysia has led to raise in public health concern on food safety issue. Production of local meats (beef and mutton) in Malaysia are below 23% from self-sufficiency and depending on importation. This study was conducted as to investig

Rabies diagnostic management

Rabies is a notifiable re-emerging fatal zoonotic disease of mammals, which becomes a global public health threat. Lately, multiple outbreaks in Perlis, Kedah, Penang (2015) and Perak (2017) affected the country’s Rabies free status. Subsequently, Sara

Rapid and simple approach identification of Pasteurella multocida serogroup A, B dan D by Direct PCR from colony

Pasteurella multocida and its serogroups is an important zoonotic pathogen which can have a considerable impact in livestock as well as damaging economic impact. The infection of this bacteria can cause a range of diseases to wild and domesticated animal as

Effect of natural mating and artificial insemination on pregnancy rates in synchronised swamp buffaloes

Buffaloes are hardy animals that can survive under rough condition and are known to be a slow breeder. Their poor reproductive performance has contributed to the reduction of ovulation, declining in the reproductive performance and thus affecting the calving

Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of Infectious Bursal Disease Virus from chicken in Malaysia

Infectious Bursal Disease Virus (IBDV) is a highly contagious disease and can cause immunosuppression in chicken. Serotype I IBDV is continuously reported and can cause significant economic losses in Malaysia despite the implementation of the intensive vacci

IKTA Quail population and production status from 2011-2018

Grand Parent Stock (GPS) IKTA Quail Farm was transferred from Institut Kemajuan Ternakan Ayam (IKTA), Johor to Institute of Poultry Technology (ITU), Melaka in 2010. Consequently, ITU has taken a role in supplying and producing DOQ (Day-Old Quail) to the par

Microbiological quality of local milk as analysed by regional Veterinary Laboratories in 2017

Raw milk from local dairy farmers which were sent to Pusat Pengumpulan Industri Tenusu (PPIT)/ Milk Collection Centre will undergo platform tests prior for acceptance, then submitted to Regional Veterinary Laboratories for total plate count (TPC) test. Norma

Growth performance of cattle fed by oil palm empty fruit bunches based feedstuff produced by two difference method

Malaysia is rich with biomass sources from palm oil industry and agricultural waste such as palm kernel meal, palm oil mill effluent, palm fronds, oil palm empty fruit bunches, and others. Oil palm empty fruit bunch has low quality in terms of nutritional va

First report on identification of Pasteurella multocida serogroup F in Veterinary Research Institute (VRI), Malaysia

This paper reports on the positive isolation and identification of Pasteurella multocida serogroup F from a pig in Sarawak, Malaysia. In this case, a two years old Large White crossed Landrace female pig was reported thin and had multiple abscesses on the lu

Nutritive value of corn silage

Corn is one of the forages which is often used as silage and fed to ruminant animals. The good quality corn silage contains high energy and protein (average 8.1%). The keys for producing good quality corn silage are to ensure that corn is harvested at proper

Wound healing activity of Spirulina platensis extract on diabetic rats

Diabetes mellitus, which impairs wound healing process, is associated with the increment in pro-inflammatory cytokines at the wound site.S. platensis was reported to possess anti-inflammatory property and enhanced wound healing in rats. Syarina et al. have  

Neospora species infection in a herd of dairy cattle

Neosporosis caused by Neospora caninum is one of the common causes of bovine abortion. It may infect domestic (dogs, cattle, sheep, goats, water buffalo, horses, chickens) and captive animals (deer, rhinoceros, rodents, rabbits, coyotes, wolves, foxes). A dairy cattle herd in Hulu Selan

Better yield and nutritive values of Taiwan Napier grass by using Vermicompost and Compost fertilizer

 This trial was conducted to study the effects of vermicompost and compost on the quality and productivity of Napier Grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Taiwan). Nine forage plots (three forage plots on vermicompost treatment, three forage plots on compost

Efficacy of anthelmintic treatment to control parasites

The trials of FECR were conducted on sheep in the Veterinary Institute, Kluang. A total of 60 weaned sheep were selected and divided into six (6) groups. Group A was treated with ivermectin (0.5 ml / 25 kg of body weight), Group B received closantel (1 ml/5

Dry matter yield and chemical composition of the weeds in integrated farming

There are several type of the weeds that are potential as feed in livestock integration system but less study were conduct to determine the dry matter yield and chemical composition of the weeds. The objectives of this study is to determine the dry matter yi

Study on bacteriostatic and bactericidal activity of Piper cubeba L. extract against Escherichia coli in raw chicken meat

Traditionally, P. cubeba L. was globally acknowledged as flavoring ingredients in food and widely used in meat marination. Nutritional properties and antimicrobial activity  of the spice was reported scientifically in various researches. In this study,

First detection of Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus in swine from Malaysia

Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) naturally infects cattle and results in mucosal disease, acute infections of respiratory system and gastrointestinal tracts and reproductive disorders. However, since 1973, the host range of BVDV has been found to extend &n

Morphological characteristics of Shami goat in two farms in Malaysia

Shami goat is a dual-purpose goat originated from Syria and widely spread into Mediterranean countries. Previous study on morphological characteristics have been done on the first batch of Shami goat imported to Malaysia in 2009. The objective of this study

Effect of Drying and Heating Approach of The Nutritional Value of Corn in Animal Feedstuff-A Review

Corn grain (Zea mays L.) is among the most widely produced grain in the world with roughly 7 to 11 tan/ha per year). Corn as major grains formulation in feedstuffs as a source of energy (carbohydrate) especially in poultry and pig industry. Generally, corn w

The Performance Study of Anaerobic Digestion System from Dairy Cattle Farm

Dairy farm effluent consists of the manure and urine excreted in the milking shed and yards, mixed with the wash-down water used to remove the waste from these areas and concrete yard runoff following rainfall. Therefore, there is a need to study the charact

Market Structure of Local Fresh Beef and Imported Carabeef: A Pilot Study Among Consumer

Availability, price and consumer preferences play an important role in determining the local fresh beef market and imported frozen buffalo meat. The purpose of this study was to determine the structure of the local fresh beef markets and carabeefs imported a

Effects of Synchronization on Reproductive Performance in Swamp Buffaloes

Buffaloes in Sabah are commonly reared as draught animal in oil palm plantations. Due to their poor reproductive performances, it is difficult for the farmers to plan for a proper breeding programme. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the effec

Positive Detection of Plasmid Mediated Colistin Resistant (MCR-1) Gene in Salmonella spp. Isolated from Chickens

The emergence of multidrug resistant (MDR) is a major threat worldwide, and it has become worse with the emergence of resistant towards colistin antibiotic. The plasmid mediated colistin resistant gene (mcr-1) present in the bacteria contribute much to the s

Growth and Feed Conversion Efficiency of Malin Lambs in Intensive Production

Fourteen weaned Malin lambs (3-month of age), seven from each male and female lambs were fed with 3% of body weight of concentrate and ad libitum forage diet under intensive system for 3 months. Average daily weight gain (ADG) and feed conversion ratio (FCR)

Molecular Detection of Infectious Bronchitis Virus (IBV) from Avian Samples in RVLBT Using RT-PCR and Nested PCR

This paper reports the detection of Infectious Bronchitis Virus (IBV) from avian samples submitted to Regional Veterinary Laboratory at Bukit Tengah (RVLBT) by Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) and Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR

The Effect of Useful Microbes Bokashi Addition to Diet on Weight Gains of Rabbit

An experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of useful microbes-bokashi addition to the diet on the weight gains of rabbits. In total, 20 weaned rabbits (30 days old) of crossbred were divided at random among two groups (experimental and control) at

The Collective Assemblance of Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) in Cats from the Four-Quarters of The Post Mortem Table

Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) is a common, fatal and immune-mediated disease of cats caused by feline coronavirus (FCoV) infection. The clinical manifestations of FIP can be either a pathogenic disease or more commonly a benign or mild enteric infectio

A Preliminary Study on the Status of the Population of Free Roaming Dogs in Pulau Pinang

Free roaming dogs (FRD) are defined as unconfined dogs and are not prevented from roaming.  These FRDs are known to have habituated to  living closely with people with or without an owner in attendance. In Malaysia, the status quo of our FRDs and i

Potential of Biogas Plants from Livestock Waste Development in Malaysia

With the difficulty of disposal of a large amount of manure, this could cause a serious pollution threat and high nutrient release into the environment. A large amount of animal waste produced is one of the cost-effective and renewable substrates that can p

Veterinary services in Malaysia: Its relevance to nation building

A veterinarian is at the forefront in nation building. He is uniquely qualified to fulfill an array of roles apart from preventing disease and healing animals. Over the years, veterinary professionals have played considerable and contributory roles in animal and human

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