Bacteriological Analysis Of Raw Cow’s Milk Quality From Milk Collection Centres In Perak For Year 2017- 2018

Pravina Vathi R., Fhitri M., Zamila Z., Roseliza R., Khoo E., Nafizah M., Norazariyah M.N., Siti Nor Hanani R., Saifu Nazri R. & Noormah M.A.

Pravina Vathi R., Fhitri M., Zamila Z., Roseliza R., Khoo E., Nafizah M., Norazariyah M.N., Siti Nor Hanani R., Saifu Nazri R. & Noormah M.A.

Bacteriological milk quality is a crucial element for quality checking of locally produced milk at the milk collection centres (MCCs). It determines the safety level of the milk and also the price of the milk under the Price Incentive Programme (PIP). This paper reports the total plate count (TPC) level of raw cow?s milk samples received by the Veterinary Research Institute, Ipoh (VRI) from year 2017 to 2018 from four MCCs in Perak state from the districts of Sungai Siput, Tapah, Taiping and Parit. TPC level of less than 106 cfu/ml is the standard set and used by the Department of Veterinary Services Malaysia (DVS) for the PIP. Total of 4,902 milk samples received from the year 2017 to 2018 comprised of 2,165 samples from Sungai Siput, 1,560 from Tapah, 1,058 from Parit and 119 from Taiping districts. An overall of 27.8% of the milk samples collected in Perak MCCs were heavily contaminated with the TPC count of 106 cfu/ml and above. Analysis of this study revealed that 43.0% of milk samples from Sungai Siput had TPC value of 106 cfu/ml and above, followed by Taiping (25.2%), Tapah (18.3%) and Parit (11.1%). In conclusion, this study indicates that the raw milk quality from the collecting centres is still not in the acceptable quality range and emphasis needs to be given to produce quality milk to enhance the food safety strategy. The compromised milk quality also influences the income for dairy farms.