Farah J., Nurul Aini M.Y., Nurshuhada S.
Food sustainability and availability is a current debate to ensure food production is meeting the consumer?s demand. Due to various factors, beef demand in Malaysia increased each year. In 2000, Malaysian consumed110,593 metric tons of beef and it increased to 162,357 metric tons in 2010 (Department of Veterinary Services). In 2006, the Government of Malaysia announced the National Feedlot Center as one of the high impact projects under Ninth Malaysia Plan targeted to increase self-sufficiency for beef production to 40% by 2010. Therefore, feedlot systems have become the new direction in beef cattle farming instead of traditional self- grazing system. Since the system is quite new in Malaysia compared to other countries such as United States of America or Australia where it is widely applied, there is no specific research on feedlot housing systems and facilities have been implemented in Malaysia. Other than meeting the target to fattening the cattle, the structural and system aspects of feedlot housing has to provide adequate living condition to cattle and avoid any aspects that can cause distress, injuries or the spread of diseases among the cattle.